This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
There is a pleasure in a garden which none but gardeners know. From the moment you love the art, and look nature in the face, you are at peace with your own heart; you have no absurd opinions to combat, no point to strain, no adversary to crush, no fool to annoy. You are actuated by fear or favor to no man. Patience grows out of the endless pursuit, and turns into a luxury. A streak in a flower, a wrinkle in a leaf, a plant in perfect health, gives us enjoyment for another half day. The hours pass on untold, without chagrin, and without weariness; nor would you ever wish to pass them otherwise. Inno-cenoe is Joined with industry, pleasure with business, and the mind is satisfied.
In what may be termed ornamental gardening, the English are far in advance of us, but in the more practical part we take the lead by at least twenty years. During my stay in England, I visited many of the largest and best-managed vegetable farms in the vicinity of London, and I was surprised to witness their primitive methods, both in their system of -cropping and tedious way of doing the work. It is quite within bounds to say, that a man familiar with trucking in New Jersey, will do a third more work in a given time than a .man in the same position in an English garden. The ordinary implements used by the latter are clumsy and unnecessarily heavy, and this weight has to be carried around at a considerable waste of strength both of men and animals. For instance, a common digging spade or fork will weigh at least twice as much as one of ours, intended for the same class of work. There is more weight of wood in an English garden cart than would make two or three of ours, and this seeming unnecessary weight will be found to run through the whole list of English farm implements.
Mr. Parson also in his address, said: "Gentlemen of large income, with country places, the proper management of which would give more pleasure to a whole family than anything else, are unwilling to pay more than $800 or $1,000 per year for a good gardener, whose knowledge is the work of half a lifetime. They will give $3,000 to a bookkeeper, whose knowledge can be acquired in a year; they will expend one to five thousand dollars in a camel's hair shawl or a pair of horses, and yet would think themselves very extravagant if they gave $2,000 per year to a skillful gardener, who could produce for their use Muscat grapes and all other luscious fruits, and who could make their grounds and gardens like a veritable paradise. Once establish the fact that a skillful gardener can be sure of $2,000 or $3,000 per year, and numerous young men would give their education that direction. Wealthy men, also, who expect to leave their sons a horticultural education, both as a means of producing enjoyment for themselves, and as a profession upon which to fall back in case of disaster.
Young men so educated will never become blase; the world is for them too full of delightful capabilities,"