This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Which among the new hardy varieties have proved to be adapted to our climate?
P. Barry thought more highly of the Delaware this year than ever before. In favorable situations and under good treatment, it is very fruitful. It is not hard of cultivation; and it is a fine, truly hardy, open air grape. We had one vine on the east end of our house, where justice was not done to it, as to soil, and yet it has made a very fine growth. The vine is only three years old; and yet it has borne quite a large crop this year upon the old wood. The shoots of this year are long, strong, and well ripened. In our open vineyard, the wood has not yet (Sept. 25) ripened up as well. Requires good treatment to ripen up the wood well; but when well ripened, nothing can be finer. Our Delaware fruit was ripe enough to eat two weeks ago. Has also cultivated the Hartford Prolific to a considerable extent, and is quite well pleased with it. The bunches have been generally complained of as very loose; but with us they are reasonably compact, and the berries are sweet and good. It is much better in our grounds than I have seen it elsewhere; seeming to be a vigorous vine, a strong grower, with most luxuriant foliage, and well deserving its name of Prolific. With us it grows tied up to stakes, upon the south side of one of our hills, and in the basin at the bottom, where the wash from the hills has made the soil rich and nice.
The Concord, also, with Mr. Barry, ripens perfectly every year, and under all exposures is a very hardy vine. On stakes in our open vineyard, the fruit is getting quite ripe, far riper than the Isabella.
The Diana, with Mr. Barry, is one of our most-valuable grapes. When young, the vine is a healthy, strong, and a thrifty grower; and it bears fruit well when it acquires age. The Diana is certainly a variety which we can always rely upon here, under ordinarily good treatment.
The Rebecca has commonly been called a delicate grape, except under particular treatment; for instance, trained upon a wall. In my opinion, no American grape equals it in high flavor; although the bunches are small. Although not a grape for a northern vineyard - not for extensive cultivation in this latitude - it will be found a very valuable garden grape.