This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
M. E. Irwin, (Southbridge, Mass.) The proper soil for the plants you name - Gardenia Fortunia, aeschy-nanthus Hrsofieldii, ae. zebrina, Hoya bella, and Chorizema varium - is the following: one-third pure loam, (say the rotted sods of an old pasture,) one third decomposed manure (old spent hot-beds,) one-third leaf mould from the woods, and add to the whole as much white sand as will make the compost light and porous. The plants may all be grown in a common green house temperature, but all of them, except the Gardenia, should be kept in the warmest part of the green-house, with plenty of light, and watered as often as the soil appears in the least dry. Florella, (New-London.) Pot Chinese Primroses in light rich soil - old spent hot-bed mould and silver sand, give them plenty of water and keep them as close to the glass as you can. If you plunge your hyacinths in pots in a hot-bed frame filled with tan-bark, and keep them near the glass, and sprinkle them every day, they will do better there than in the green-house till the weather becomes very frosty. Olea fragrans and Daphne odora are the two most deliciously scented green-house plants. The former blooms all winter, and has the scent of violets.
Begonia fuchsioides is as handsome as any Fuchsia in its blossoms, and in a warm green-house it blooms almost per-petually. In a cold one it thrives but poorly. The little daisy flowered chrysanthemums with flowers no larger than a daisy, are a great acquisition to the green-house at this season.
The State and Properts of Horticulture.
Retrospective glance over the journey we have traveled, is often both instructive and encouraging. We not only learn what we have really accomplish-but we arc better able to overcome the obstacles that lie in our onward way, by awing the difficulties already overcome.
he progress of the last five years in Horticulture, has been a remarkable one in United States. The rapid increase of population, and the accumulation of capi-has very naturally led to the multiplication of private gardens and country seats, and planting of orchards and market gardens, to an enormous extent. The facility which every man may acquire land in this country, naturally leads to the forma-of separate and independent homes, and the number of those who arc in some ce interested in the culture of the soil is thus every day being added to. The fact, however, that a large proportion of these little homes arc new places, and the expense of building and establishing them is considerable, prevents their owners i doing much more for the first few years, than to secure the more useful and ne-iry features of the establishment. Hence, the ornamental still appears neglected in country homes and gardens, generally, as compared with those of the more civi-1 countries abroad. The shrubs, and Sowers, and vines, that embellish almost where, the rural homes of England, are as yet only rarely seen in this country - gh in all the older sections of the Union the taste for ornamental gardening is loping itself anew every day.
On the other hand, the great facility with which ilent fruits and vegetables are grown in this climate, as compared with the north lurope, makes our gardens compare most favorably with theirs in respect to these points. The tables of the people of the United States are more abundantly sup-I with peaches and melons, than those of the wealthiest classes abroad - and the display of culinary vegetables of the north of Europe, which is almost confined to the abundant bill of fare within the daily reach of all Americans. The traveller abroad from this side of the Atlantic, learns to value the tomatoes, Indian corn, Lima beans, egg-plants, okra, sweet potatoes, and many other half-tropical products, which the bright sun of his own land offers him in such abundance, with a new relish - and putting these and the delicious fruits, which are so cheaply and abundantly produced, into the scale against the smooth lawns and the deep verdure of Great Britain, he is more than consoled for the superiority of the latter country in these finer elements of mere embellishment.
In the useful branches of gardening, the last ten years have largely increased the culture of all the fine culinary vegetables, and our markets are now almost everywhere abundantly supplied with them. The tomato, the egg plant, salsify, and okra, from being rarities have become almost universally cultivated. The tomato affords a singular illustration of the fact (hat an article of food not generally relished at first, if its use is founded in its adaptation to the nature of the climate, may speedily come to be considered indispensable to a whole nation. Fifteen years ago it would have been difficult to find this vegetable for sale in five market towns in America. At the present moment, it is grown almost everywhere, and there are hundreds of acres devoted to its culture for the supply of the New York market alone. We arc certain that no people at the present moment, use so large a variety of fine vegetables as the people of the United States. Their culture is so remarkably easy, and the product so abundant.
We have no means of knowing the precise annual value of the products of the orchards of the United States. The Commissioner of Patents, from the statistics in his possession, estimates it at ten millions of dollars. The planting of orchards and fruit-gardens within the last five years has been more than three times as great as in any previous five years, and as soon as these trees come into bearing, the annual value of their products cannot fall short of twenty-five or thirty millions of dollars. American apples are universally admitted to be the finest in the world, and our pippins and Baldwins have taken their place among the regular exports of the country. In five years more we confidently expect to see our fine late pears taking the same rank, and from the great success which has begun to attend their extensive culture in Western New-York, there can be little doubt that that region will come to be considered the centre of the pear culture of this country.