This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
Horticultural Society Was held September 16th, 16th, 17th and 18th, and on the whole, was fully equal to the splendid exhibition of last year. The fruits were shown in the upper Horticultural Hall, and though the pears, which always constitute the meet prominent feature of the fruit shows of this society, were not as good as last year, it must be remembered that that crop was much above the average. Native grapes, owing to the lateness of the season, were not in as large quantity or as well ripened as usual, but on the other hand, the peaches and apples were much more abundant and of better quality than last year. The vegetables in the lower hall were excellent, both in quantity and quality, and we were glad to see that this important department of the exhibition attracted more attention than ever before. The plants and flowers were shown in Music Hall, and though less imposing than last year, there being not so many of the large tree ferns and other plants which gave one the impression of walking in a tropical grove, we thought it more beautiful and the arrangement an improvement.
The cut flowers, instead of being placed under the balconies, were arranged directly in front of the stage; a fine belt of gladioluses, asters, etc., relieving the green of the palms, ferns, and other plants, while another stand and a table covered with floral designs filled the gallery at the end of the ball. In the center of the hall was a fountain, the basin surrounded by flowering plants, and the sides of the hall where the cut flowers were placed last year, were occupied with semi-circular stands, two on each side, one filled with a large and varied collection of evergreens from H. H. Hunnewell, another with new and rare plants from James Comley, and the other two with the prize collections of ferns. The plants being so arranged that none interfered with the view of the others, the whole exhibition could be seen at once from the stage, presenting a most beautiful appearance.
The prizes for the best twenty varieties of pears were awarded: 1st, to Alexander Dickinson, for Bartlett, Belle Lucrative, Beurre d'Anjou, B. Bosc, B. Clairgeau, B. Hardy, B. Superfin, Dana's Hovey, Duchesse d'An-gouleme, Howell, Lawrence, Louise Bonne of Jersey, Marie Louise, Merriam, Onondaga, Paradis d'Automne, Seckel; Sheldon, St. Michel Archange, Urbaniste; 2d, to Hovey & Co., for Adams, Andrews, Bartlett, Belle Lucrative, Beurre d'Anjou, B. Bosc, B. Hardy, Dana's Hovey, Doyenne Boussock, D. du Cornice, Lawrence, Marie Louise, Merriam, Onondaga, Paradis d'Automne, Pratt, Seckel, Sheldon, St. Michel Archange, Urbaniste; 3d, to Joseph H. Fenno, for Bartlett, Belle Lucrative, Beurre d'Anjou, B. Bosc, B. Clairgeau, B. Hardy, B. Langlier, B. Superfin, Doyenne Boussock. Duchess, Esperine, Golden Beurre of Bil-boa, Howell, Lawrence, Louise Bonne, Onondaga, Seckel, Sheldon, Urbaniste, Winter Nelis; 4th, to William R. Austin, for Bartlett. Belle Lucrative, Beurre d'Anjou, B. Bosc, B. Clairgeau, B. Hardy, B. Langlier, B. Superfin, Clapp's Favorite, Doyenne Boussock, D. du Cornice, Duchess, Lawrence, Louise Bonne, Onondaga, Passe Colmar, Sheldon, Urbaniste, Wellington, Winter Nelis.
The first prize for the best collection of new pears was awarded to Marshall P. Wilder, for Bernard Goisneau, Mima Wilder, Grace Wilder, and Eddie Wilder.
The prizes for the best twenty varieties of apples were awarded: 1st, to Asa Clement, for Pound Sweet, Foster Sweet, Lyscom, Summer Sweet Paradise, Danvers Winter Sweet, Foundling, Pumpkin Sweet, Kilham Hill, Gravenstein President, Hubbardston, Cole's Quince, Porter, Williams, Northern Spy, Holden Pippin, Mother, Roxbury Russet, Baldwin and Nodhead; 2d, to J. H. Fenno, for Golden Russet, Queen of the Orchard, Seaver Sweet, Rhode Island Greening, Porter, Challenge Sweet, Baldwin, Summer Pippin, Maiden's Blush, Williams, Alexander, Drap d'Or, Roxbury Russet, Hubbardston, Gravenstein, Minister, Danvers Winter Sweet, Dutch Codlin, Northern Spy,
Orange Sweet; 3d, to Hovey & Co., for Sykehouse Russet, Alfriston, Kerry Pippin, Cullasaga, Coe's Golden Drop, Hormead Pearmain, White Doctor, Striped Pearmain, Bickley's White Sweet, Wormsley Pippin, Humrickhouse, Porter, Pennock, Scarlet Pearmain, Cooper, Smith's Cider, Cole's Quince, Golden Russet, Tufts, and Tompkins County King.
Mrs. T. W. Ward showed a fine collection of plums, and also received the first premium for a single dish, the variety being Jefferson; 2d, to S. Pratt, for Coe's Golden Drop; 3d, to Stiles Frost, for Reine Claude de Bavay. Amos Bates also exhibited a good collection of plums.
The handsomest peaches shown were a magnificent dish of Crawford's Early, from H. H. Hunnewell, grown under glass. John Falconer showed a very handsome collection of Stanwick and other nectarines, peaches, and plums from his orchard house. His Albert Victor nectarines were very fine. Mrs. E. M. Gill showed good specimens of Foster's seedling peach; J. L. D. Sullivan a seedling white nectarine of excellent quality, and E. Brock and George Johnson handsome nectarines.
F. L. Ames exhibited two bunches of Victoria Hamburg grapes weighing 5½ and 4¼ lbs., the largest we have ever seen - and handsome Bowood Muscats, Muscat Hamburgs and Black Hamburgs. E. W. Wood exhibited Black Hamburgs, Victoria Hamburgs, Wil-mot's Hamburgs, Buckland Sweetwaters and White Frontignans; and Mrs. T. W. Ward, Black Hamburgs, Wilmot's Hamburgs and others, both these collections being well grown and finely colored. C. M. Atkinson also exhibited an excellent collection of six varieties, including Grizzly and White Frontignan, White Sweetwater and others.
Of native grapes, the Moore's Early, exhibited by the originator, John B. Moore, was probably the ripest shown, and received the prize for the "best of any other sort" than those specified in the schedule. A handsome collection of twelve seedling varieties was shown by E. W. Bull, but too unripe to judge of their quality. John Fillebrown showed a wild grape with a remarkably large and handsome cluster. Josiah Newhall, Miss Lucy Bowditch, and Walker & Co., showed good specimens of figs. A. J. Hillbourn, Sieilian nuts (filberts), and John B. Moore, Hornet raspberries. A dish of Orange pears from a tree in Salem, 235 years old, attracted much attention. This venerable tree is more than three feet in diameter and forty feet high, and bore 8½ bushels last year and 3 bushels this year. Of pears, 527 dishes were shown; apples, 257 dishes, and of all kinds of fruit, a total of about 1,000.