Botanists describe only two species of this tree in the United States, namely, the large Yellow, and Ohio Buckeye or Horse Chestnut.

The value of the American Horse Chestnut consists mainly in the beauty of its abundant, precocious, and beautiful foliage and flowers, qualities which bring it into great request as an ornamental tree. In beauty the yellow variety is considered inferior to that magnificent tree, the Ohio Horse Chestnut, which is not a native of any of the Atlantic States, where, however, it is a favorite ornamental tree. The ordinary stature of the American Horse Chestnut is ten or twelve feet, but in some situations it sometimes equals thirty or thirty-five feet in height, and twelve or fifteen inches in diameter.

The foliage of this tree appears very early in spring, being very quickly followed by its flowers, which almost cover the tree in white bunches, making a very brilliant appearance. The fruit is of the same color with that of the foreign Horse Chestnut, and about the size; it is contained in fleshy, prickly capsules, and is ripe the beginning of autumn.