This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a quarter high; round, even and symmetrical in its outline. Skin, green, with sometimes a dull red blush on the side exposed to the sun. Eye, small and open, with short erect segments, set in a very deep, even, round basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, deep, funnel-shaped. Stalk, half an inch long, slender, and woody. Flesh, firm, crisp, and with a greenish tinge; brisk and acid at first, but later in the season mild and pleasantly flavoured. Cells, obovate; axile, closed.
This was raised by Messrs. Lane & Son, of Berkhampstead.
Laugton Nonesuch. See Nonesuch.
Large Early Bough. See Large Yellow Bough,
Large Hunthouse. See Hunthouse.
Fruit, above medium size; oblong oval, handsomely and regularly formed. Skin, smooth, pale greenish yellow. Eye, set in a narrow and deep basin. Stalk, rather long. Flesh, white, very tender, crisp, and very juicy, with a rich, sweet, sprightly flavour.
A dessert apple of first-rate quality. Ripe in the beginning of August. The tree is a vigorous and luxuriant grower, and a good bearer.
Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide, and two inches high; conical or ovate, and angular, with ribs round the crown. Skin, almost entirely covered with dark brown russet, and here and there patches of the yellowish green ground exposed. Eye, small and closed, with connivent segments, set in a narrow, uneven basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, half an inch long, deeply inserted. Flesh, greenish, crisp, juicy, sweet, and briskly flavoured. Cells, obovate; axile, closed.
A dessert apple of good flavour; in use from November till February.
This is the old Leathercoat, which has been in cultivation for centuries, and is totally distinct from the Royal Russet which is sometimes called by that name. It was sent from the Vale of Berkeley by Mr. Viner Ellis, of Minsterworth, to Dr. Bull, of Hereford, to whom I am indebted for specimens of this interesting apple. This is no doubt the apple which Shakespeare mentions in Henry IV., when Davy says to Bardolph -
"There is a dish of Leather-coats for you," and the scene is laid in Gloucestershire.
Fruit, medium sized, three inches and a quarter long, by two and a half broad; oval, with a large fleshy elongation covering the stalk, which gives it the form of a lemon. Skin, pale yellow, tinged with green, changing to a lemon yellow as it attains maturity, strewed with russety freckles, and patches of thin delicate russet. Eye, small, and partially open, with short segments, and set in an irregular basin, which is frequently higher on one side than the other. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, short, entirely covered with the fleshy elongation of the fruit. Flesh, firm, crisp, and briskly flavoured. Core, very small, and occupying very little space in the fruit. Cells, obovate; axile.
A very good apple, either for culinary or dessert use; it is in season from October to April, and is perhaps the most characteristic apple we have, being sometimes so much like a lemon as at first sight to be taken for that fruit. Forsyth says it is excellent for drying. The tree does not attain a large size, but is healthy, hardy, and a good bearer.
It is uncertain at what period the Lemon Pippin was first brought into notice. Rogers calls it the "Quince Apple," and, if it is what has always been known under that name, it must be of considerable antiquit), being mentioned by Rea, Worlidge, Ray, and almost all the early writers; but the first instance wherein we find it called Lemon Pippin is in Ellis's "Modern Husbandman," 1744, where he says it is "esteemed so good an apple for all uses, that many plant this tree preferable to all others."