Long Nose

Fruit, rather below medium size, two inches and a half high, and about the same in width at the base; conical, with prominent angles on the sides. Skin, smooth and shining, grass-green, changing to greenish yellow, with a cloud of bright red on the side exposed to the sun. Eye, closed, set in a shallow basin. Stalk, a quarter of an inch long, fleshy at the insertion, sometimes with a fleshy protuberance on one side of it, and inserted in a narrow, shallow, and russety cavity. Flesh, yellowish white, crisp, and tender, with a slightly sweet, but rather indifferent flavour.

An apple of little merit either for culinary purposes or the dessert; it is in season from October to December, and is met with in the Berkshire orchards, especially about Wantage.

Longstart (Westmoreland Longstart)

Fruit, medium sized; roundish, narrowing towards the eye, somewhat like the old Nonpareil in shape. Skin, almost entirely covered with red, which is streaked with deeper red, except on the shaded side, where there is a patch of greenish yellow, tinged with thin red. Eye, partially open, with broad flat segments, and set in a shallow and plaited basin. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, about an inch long, inserted in a wide cavity, which is lined with russet. Flesh, white, crisp, tender, juicy, with a pleasant sub-acid flavour. Cells, obovate; abaxile.

A very excellent culinary apple; comes in use during October, and lasts till Christmas.

This is much grown about Lancaster, and some parts of Westmoreland, where it is a great favourite among the cottagers.

Longville's Kernel

Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and a quarter high; ovate, slightly angular, with ridges round the eye. Skin, greenish yellow, tinged with red, and streaked with dark red on the side next the sun. Eye, small and closed on the shaded side, with short erect segments, set in a deep and plaited basin. Stamens, median; tube, conical. Stalk, half an inch long, slender, and deeply inserted in a russety cavity. Flesh, yellow, firm, sweet, slightly acid, and with a perfumed flavour. Cells, ovate, axile open.

A dessert apple, of good, but only second-rate quality; in use during August and September.

According to Mr. Lindley, "It is said that this apple originated in Herefordshire, where it is at present but little known; it is very handsome, and of considerable merit."

Lord Burghley

Fruit, medium sized; roundish, and slightly flattened, ribbed at the apex, and angular on the sides; at the base it resembles the Nonpareil. Skin, green at first, changing to deep golden yellow on the shaded side, and dark red changing to deep clear shining crimson on the side next the sun, and dotted all over with russet specks and dots. Eye, rather closed, set in an angular plaited basin. Stamens, marginal or median; tube, conical. Stalk, half an inch to three-quarters long, frequently a mere knob, set in a wide cavity.

Flesh, yellowish, very tender and juicy, sweet, and with a fine pine flavour. Cells, obovate; (Utile, closed.

A first-rate dessert apple; in use from Christmas till May.

Raised in the garden of the Marquis of Exeter, at Burghley, near Stamford, and was first distributed in 1865 by Mr. House, the nurseryman at Peterborough.