Mabbott's Pearmain

Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a quarter wide, and about the same high; round, and bluntly angular. Skin, bright yellow tinged with thin red on the shaded side, and bright red on the side exposed to the sun; the whole surface thickly strewed with grey russet dots like freckles. Eye, closed, with broad convergent segments, set in a shallow plaited basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, very slender, inserted in a deep russety cavity. Flesh, yellowish, tender, juicy, sweet, and highly flavoured. Cells, obovate; axile, slit.

A valuable dessert apple; in use up till Christmas.

This is a favourite among the great orchardists about Maidstone, and was first brought to my notice by Mr. Lewis Killick, of Langley, near Maidstone.

Maclean's Favourite

Fruit, medium sized, roundish. Skin, yellow. Flesh, crisp, and richly flavoured, resembling the Newtown Pippin.

A very excellent dessert apple. The tree is an abundant bearer, but a delicate grower, and apt to canker unless in warm and light soils. October to January.

Raised by Dr. Maclean, of Colchester.

Madeleine (Margaret; Summer Pippin)

Fruit, rather below medium size; roundish. Skin, yellowish white, with numerous imbedded pearly specks, with an orange tinge next the sun, and sometimes marked with faint streaks of red. Eye, small and closed, set in a narrow basin, and surrounded with several unequal plaits. Stalk, short and slender, not extending beyond the base, and inserted in a funnel-shaped cavity. Flesh, white, very crisp and tender, juicy, sweet, and highly flavoured.

An early dessert apple, of good, but only second-rate quality; ripe in the middle and end of August. The tree is a free grower, and is readily distinguished by the excessive pubescence of its leaves and shoots.

Mr. Lindley, in the "Guide to the Orchard," considers this variety as identical with the Margaret of Ray, which is a mistake. It is, no doubt, the Margaret of Miller, but certainly not of any English author either preceding or subsequent to him. It is to be observed that the lists of fruits given by Miller in his Dictionary are chiefly taken from the works of the French pomologists, while the fruits of his own country are almost wholly neglected; and the only reason I can assign for his describing this variety for the Margaret is, because our own Margaret being by some authors called the Magdalene, he might have thought the two synonymous. - See Margaret.

Magdalene. See Margaret. Mage's Johnny. See Green Tiffing.


Fruit, below medium size, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish, uneven in its outline, and somewhat flattened. Skin, yellow on the shaded side, and red next the sun, strewed with small russet dots. Eye, open, with erect and slightly divergent segments, set in an irregular basin. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, short and slender, inserted in a narrow and rather deep cavity. Flesh, yellowish, extremely acid and austere. Cells, open, roundish obovate.

A Gloucestershire cider apple.