New German

Fruit, medium sized, two inches and five-eighths wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; conical, with somewhat of a waist near the crown, distinctly five-ribbed, with smaller intermediate ribs, and on one or two of the most prominent the line of the suture is distinctly seen; the apex is puckered. Skin, smooth and shining, dark mahogany next the sun, but striped with red and yellow on the shaded side. Eye, set in a narrow puckered basin, with erect convergent segments. Stamens, marginal; tube, deep, funnel-shaped. Stalk, long, inserted in a deep, wide, angular cavity. Flesh, very tender, with a greenish tinge, sweet, and with an agreeable perfume. Cells, open, obovate; axile.

A good useful Herefordshire apple up till Christmas.

New Hawthornden

Fruit, large, three inches and a half wide, and two inches and a half high; oblate, obtusely ribbed, and with several rather prominent ridges round the eye. Skin, pale green, becoming straw or lemon yellow as it ripens, and sparingly strewed with russet dots. Eye, partially closed, with somewhat erect, connivent segments, set in a wide and finely plaited basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, conical. Stalk, half an inch to an inch long, inserted nearly all its length in the wide open cavity. Flesh, tender, crisp, very juicy, and pleasantly acid. Cells, elliptical; abaxile.

A handsome early cooking apple, which has a close resemblance in form and colour to the old Hawthornden, but is very much larger. It is in use from the beginning of September till the middle or end of October, and then it becomes marked with fungoid specks, which indicate the condition of the flesh under the surface. When used early it is a fine fruit, but in the matter of lasting it does not equal the Winter Hawthornden, with which it is very frequently confounded, an error which I regret I helped to propagate by making them synonymous in the last edition of this work.

It was introduced by Mr. Rivers in 1847 by the name of New Hawthornden only, and I am not aware how it became associated with the Winter Hawthornden.

Newland Sack

Fruit, medum sized, three inches wide, and nearly the same high; roundish oval, narrowing from the middle towards the stalk and the eye, obtusely ribbed and uneven both at the stalk and the eye. Skin, when ripe, greenish yellow in the shade, slightly marked with russet, and with a more or less deep blush of red on the side next the sun; the whole surface very russety and strewed with dark russet dots. Eye, closed, set in an irregular basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, about three-quarters of an inch long, deeply inserted in an uneven cavity. Flesh, tender, sweet, and of good flavour. Cells, oblong, obovate, or elliptical; axile, open.

This is a Worcestershire orchard fruit, highly appreciated and extensively grown at Newland, near Malvern, and the surrounding villages. It keeps well even up till February, does not bruise in travelling, or if bruised will not decay. It is a great favourite with Mr. Baron Webster, at the fruit farm of Newland Court, who says he wishes all his orchards were Newland Sacks and Blenheim Pippins.

New London Pippin. See London Pippin. New Nonpareil. See Early Nonpareil.