Nonesuch (Nonsuch; Langton Nonsuch)

Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish oblate, regularly and handsomely shaped. Skin, smooth, pale yellow, mottled with thin pale red on the shaded side, and striped with broad broken stripes of red next the sun. Eye, small and closed, set in a wide, shallow, and even basin. Stalk, short and slender, inserted in a shallow cavity. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Flesh, white, tender, juicy, sweet, and slightly perfumed. Cells, ovate; axile, slit.

An excellent culinary apple, of first-rate quality, and, according to Mr. Thompson, excellent for apple jelly; it is ripe in September, and continues during October. The tree is a free grower, attaining about the middle size, and is an abundant and early bearer; young trees three years old from the graft producing an abundance of beautiful fruit.

Although an old variety, I do not think this is the Nonesuch of Rea, Worlidge, or Kay, as all these authors mention it as being a long keeper, for which circumstance it might otherwise have been considered the same. Rea says, "It is a middle sized, round, and red striped apple, of a delicate taste, and long lasting." Wor-lidge's variety is probably the same as Rea's. He says, "The Nonsuch is a long lasting fruit, good at the table, and well marked for cider." And Ray also includes his "Non-such " among the winter apples.

Nonesuch Park

Fruit, small, an inch and three-quarters wide, and an inch and a half high; round, regularly formed, and depressed. Skin, green, even after having been kept, but eventually it becomes yellow, thinly covered with patches of russet, particularly on the side exposed to the sun. Eye, closed, with broad erect segments, which are spreading at the tips, set in a shallow slightly plaited basin. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, short, imbedded in a deep narrow cavity, sometimes it is half an inch long. Flesh, greenish, firm, crisp, juicy, and of good flavour. Cells, obovate; axile, closed.

A neat little dessert apple, resembling a Golden Pippin; it is in use from November till February.

Nonpareil (Old Nonpareil; English Nonpareil; Hunt's Nonpareil; Lovedon's Pippin; Reinette Nonpareil; Nonpareil d'Angle-terre; Due d'Arsel; Griüme Reinette)

Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; roundish, broad at the base and narrowing towards the apex. Skin, yellowish green, covered with large patches of thin grey russet, and dotted with small brown russety dots, with occasionally a tinge of dull red on the side next the sun. Eye, rather prominent, very slightly if at all depressed, half open, with broad segments, which are reflexed at the tips. Stamens, marginal; tube, conical or funnel-shaped. Stalk, an inch long, set in a round and pretty deep cavity, which is lined with russet. Flesh, greenish, delicate, crisp, rich, and juicy, abounding in a particularly rich, vinous, and aromatic flavour. Cells, ovate or roundish; axile.

One of the most highly esteemed and popular of all our dessert apples; it is in use from January to May. The tree is a free grower, and healthy, scarcely attaining the middle size, and an excellent bearer. It prefers a light and warm soil, succeeds well on the paradise stock, and is well adapted for growing in pots, when grafted on the pomme paradis of the French. Bradley in one of his tracts records an instance of its being so cultivated. "Mr. Fairchild (of Hoxton) has now (February) one of the Nonpareile apples upon a small tree, in a pot, which seems capable of holding good till the blossoms of this year have ripened their fruit." In the northern counties and in Scotland it does not succeed as a standard, and even when grown against a wall, there is a marked contrast in the flavour when compared with the standard grown fruit of the south.

It is generally allowed that the Nonpareil is originally from France. Switzer says, "It is no stranger in England; though it might have its origin from France, yet there are trees of them about the Ashtons in Oxfordshire, of about a hundred years old, which (as they have it by tradition) was first brought out of France and planted by a Jesuit in Queen Mary or Queen Elizabeth's time." It is strange, however, that an apple of such excellence, and held in such estimation as the Nonpareil has always been, should have received so little notice from almost all the early continental pomologists. It is not mentioned in the long list of the Jardinier Francois of 1653, nor even by De la Quintinye, or the Jardinier Solitaire. Schabol enumerates it, but it is not noticed by Bretonnerie. It is first described by Duhamel, and subsequently by Knoop. In the Chartreux catalogue it is said "elle est forte estimée en Angleterre," but, among the writers of our own country, Switzer is the first to notice it. It is not mentioned by Rea, Worlidge, or Ray, neither is it enumerated in the list of Leonard Meager. In America it is little esteemed.

Nonpareil d'Angleterre. See Nonpareil. Nonpareil Russet. See Morris's Nonpareil Russet.