Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a quarter wide, and two inches high; oblato-cylindrical, even and regular in its outline, resembling Franklin's Golden Pippin in shape. Skin, almost entirely covered with thin pale brown russet, and with patches of the greenish ground colour. Eye, large and closed, with broad, flat, convergent segments, set in a wide, shallow, saucer-like basin. Stamens, basal; tube, conical. Stalk, half an inch long, inserted in a deep round cavity. Flesh, greenish yellow, tender, juicy, sweet, and richly flavoured. Cells, obovate; axile.

A dessert apple of fine quality, which keeps till January, but shrivels before Christmas.

Owen's Golden Beauty. See Joaneting. Ox Apple. See Gloria Mandi. Oxford Peach. See Scarlet Pearmain.

Oxnead Pearmain (Earl of Yarmouth's Pearmain)

Fruit, small and conical. Skin, entirely grass-green, always covered with a thin russet; sometimes when highly ripened it is tinged with very pale brown on the sunny side. Eye, very small, surrounded with a few obscure plaits. Stalk, very slender, three-quarters of an inch long. Flesh, pale green, very firm and crisp, not juicy, but very rich and highly flavoured.

A dessert apple; in use from November to April.

I have never seen this apple. It was first noticed by Mr. George Lindley, whose description of it I have given above. He says, "It is supposed to have originated at Oxnead, near Norwich, the seat of the Earl of Yarmouth. It has been known many years in Norfolk, no doubt prior to the extinction of that peerage in 1733, and I have never seen it out of the county. The tree is a very small grower; its branches are small and wiry, and of a grass-green colour; it is very hardy and an excellent bearer."


Fruit, small in shape, exactly resembling the old Nonpareil. Skin, yellow, covered with a coat of thin pale brown russet, which, however, exposes here and there patches of the clear ground colour, and with a brownish red tinge next the sun. Eye, closed, with large leafy segments, placed in a small angular and plaited basin. Stalk, long and slender, set in a deep, narrow cavity. Flesh, yellow, crisp, juicy, and briskly acid.

A good dessert apple; in use from November till March.

This was raised in the garden of the Packhorse Inn at Turnham Green, Middlesex, when it was held by a person of the name of Robinson, who also raised Robinson's Pippin.

Padley's Pippin (Padley's Royal George Pippin)

Fruit, small, two inches wide, and an inch and a half high; roundish oblate. Skin, pale greenish yellow, rather thickly covered with thin grey russet, and faintly tinged with orange next the sun. Eye, small and closed, set in a shallow and rather angular basin. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, slender, and inserted in a rather shallow cavity. Flesh, yellow, juicy, sweet, brisk, and richly aromatic.

A dessert apple of first-rate quality; in use during December and January.

The tree is of small dimensions, but healthy, and a prolific bearer.

It is well adapted for dwarf training when grown on the paradise or doucin stock.

It was raised by Mr. Padley, gardener to his Majesty George III. at Hampton Court. According to Rogers, Mr. Padley was a native of Yorkshire, and after coming to London, arid tilling a situation of respectability, he was appointed foreman in the kitchen garden at Kew. "On the death of the celebrated Capability Brown,' Mr. G. Haverfield was removed from Kew to Hampton Court, and took Mr. Padley with him as foreman. On the death of Haverfield, Padley's interest with his sovereign outweighed all the interests of other candidates, though urged by the most influential persons about Court. 'No, no, no,' said his Majesty, 'it is Padley's birthright,'"

Paradise Pippin. See White Para disc.