Birmingham Pippin (Grmas's Pippin Brummage Pippim; Grummage Pippin; Stone Pippin)

Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide, and an inch and three-quarters high; round, and slightly flattened. Skin, pale dingy yellow, mottled and veined with very thin grey russet, and russety round the base. Eye, small, quite open, frequently without any segments, and placed in a very slight depression. Stalk, short, scarcely at all depressed. Flesh, greenish, very firm, crisp, and juicy, briskly and pleasantly flavoured.

A very good dessert apple : in use from January to June.

It is remarkable for the firmness and density of its flesh, and Mr. Lindley says its specific gravity is greater than that of any other apple with which he was acquainted.

The tree is of diminutive size, with short but very stout shoots. It is a good bearer.

This variety is supposed to be a native of Warwickshire. It is what is generally known in the nurseries under the name of Stone Pippin.

Black Blenheim. See Hambledon Deux Ans.

Black Crab

Fruit, small, roundish, regular in its outline. Skin, of a dark mahogany colour, sometimes approaching black next the sun; and greenish fawn where shaded. Eye, small and closed, with short erect segments. Stamens, median; tube, long, conical. Stalk, very short and stout. Flesh, greenish yellow; sub-acid. Cells, ovate; axile, closed.

An apple of inferior quality which keeps till Christmas.

Black Foxwhelp

Fruit, small, roundish ovate, inclining to short conical; even in its outline, slightly angular towards the crown, where it is prominently plaited round the eye. Skin, smooth and rather shining, of a dark mahogany colour on the side next the sun; but on the shaded side greenish yellow, covered with broad broken streaks of bright crimson. Eye, small and rather open, with somewhat connivent segments prominently set. Stamens, median; tube, very short, conical. Stalk, short and slender, set in a shallow cavity. Flesh, yellow, sometimes with a greenish tinge, and briskly acid. Cells, obovate; axile, open.

A Herefordshire cider apple.

Black Jack. See Winter Cohnan.

Black Norman

Fruit, roundish, nearly oblate; obscurely ribbed, especially round the eye. Skin, smooth and shining, unctuous to feel after the fruit has been gathered; dull mahogany red on the side next the sun, and gradually becoming paler towards the shaded side, which is green and slightly mottled with red. Eye, closed, with long leafy convergent segments set in a rather deep irregular basin. Stamens, median; tube, short, conical. Stalk, nearly an inch long, slender, set in a wide, funnel-shaped cavity. Flesh, greenish, tender, juicy, and crisp, with a faint sweetness. Cells, ovate; axile. A Herefordshire cider apple.

Black Taunton (Taunton Black)

Fruit, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches high; roundish oblate, even and regular, but undulating round the apex. Skin, very prettily coloured with crimson, and streaked with darker crimson, which streaks extend to the shaded side and mingle with the rich yellow ground colour; the surface prettily speckled with large fawn-coloured dots. Eye, open or closed, the segments being sometimes erect and sometimes connivent, set in a pretty deep depression, which is angular. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, half an inch long, slender, and inserted in a deep, wide, funnel-shaped cavity, which is lined with cinnamon-coloured russet. Flesh, yellowish, tender, with a mild acidity. Cells, open, ovate; axile.

A popular Somersetshire cider apple.

Blanche de Leipsic. See Borsdorfer.