This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, rather above medium size, three inches wide, and rather more than two inches and a quarter high; roundish ovate, generally higher on one side than the other, handsome and regularly shaped. Skin, smooth, pale yellow, with a tinge of green on the shaded side, but brighter yellow, marked with faint broken streaks and mottles of crimson, on the side next the sun; the whole strewed with russety dots, which are most numerous in the basin of the eye. Eye, large and open, with very short, stunted, erect, divergent segments, placed in a round, even, and pretty deep basin. Stamens, marginal or median; tube, conical or funnel-shaped. Stalk, upwards of half an inch long, slender, and inserted almost the whole of its length in a deep, round, smooth, funnel-shaped cavity. Flesh, yellowish, very tender and juicy, with a pleasant, delicate, sub-acid, but not brisk flavour. Cells, ovate; axile.
The Royal Somerset of the Horticultural Society's Catalogue is London Pippin; but the variety described above is a very distinct fruit, and has more the resemblance of a medium-sized Blenheim Pippin, both in shape, colour, and the formation of the eye. I obtained this in 1847 from the late Mr. James Lake, nurseryman, of Bridgewater.
Fruit, small, two inches and three-eighths wide, and the same high; conical, with obtuse ribs, which extend to the crown and form ridges round the eye. Skin, greenish yellow on the shaded side, and brownish red on the side next the sun; sometimes the skin is entirely greenish yellow, with an orange tinge next the sun. Eye, small and closed, with erect convergent segments. Stamens, marginal; tube, deep conical. Stalk, very short, or a mere fleshy knob, deeply inserted in the shallow cavity. Flesh, woolly, not very juicy, sweet, and harshly flavoured. Cells, long, elliptical, pointed; axile.
A Herefordshire cider apple.
Fruit, rather below medium size, two inches and a half wide, and the same in height; conical, even and handsomely formed. Skin, of a fine deep yellow colour, almost entirely covered with cinnamon-coloured russet, with a brownish tinge on the side next the sun. Eye, large and open, with broad flat segments, which generally fall off as the fruit ripens. Stalk, a quarter of an inch long, stout, and inserted in a pretty deep cavity. Flesh, yellowish, firm, crisp, and juicy, with a brisk, sub-acid, and sugary flavour.
An excellent dessert apple of first-rate quality; it is in use from Christmas to April.
This is frequently met with in the Birmingham markets. It was raised, according to Mr. Maund, by a blacksmith of the name of Charles Taylor, at Rushock, in Worcestershire, about the year 1821, and is sometimes known by the name of Charles's Pearmain.