Sam Young (Irish Russet)

Fruit, small, an inch and three-quarters high, and about two inches and a half wide; roundish oblate. Skin, light greenish yellow, almost entirely covered with grey russet, and strewed with minute russety dots on the yellow part, but tinged with brownish red on the side next the sun. Eye, large and open, with divergent segments, set in a wide, shallow, and plaited basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, conical. Stalk, short, not deeply inserted. Flesh, yellow, tinged with green, firm, crisp, tender, juicy, sugary, and highly flavoured. Cells, obovate; axile, closed.

A delicious little dessert apple of the first quality; in use from November to February.

This variety is of Irish origin, and was first introduced to public notice by Mr. Robertson, the nurseryman of Kilkenny.

Scarlet Crofton. See Crofton Scarlet.

Scarlet Golden Pippin

Fruit, small, two inches wide, and an inch and three-quarters high; of the same size and form as the old Golden Pippin, which is roundish oblate, sometimes inclining to oblong, even and symmetrical. Skin, bright crimson, extending over the whole of that part exposed to the sun, and where shaded a deep rich yellow; it is strewed with some minute russet dots and pearl specks. Eye, open, with segments which are erect and convergent, set in a shallow, even basin. Stamens, median; tube, short, funnel-shaped. Stalk, from a quarter of an inch to three-quarters long, inserted in a rather shallow cavity, with frequently a slight swelling on one side of it. Flesh, deep yellow, crisp, very juicy, sweet, with a brisk and particularly fine flavour. Cells, obovate; axile, open.

A delicious dessert apple; in use from November to April.

This appeared as a hud sport on an old tree of the Golden Pippin in an orchard at Gourdie Hill, in the Carse of Gowrie, Perthshire, the property of Rohert Mathew, Esq., who pointed it out to me when I was on a visit to him in 1846. At that time it was merely a small branch thickly set with fruit-bearing spurs.

Scarlet Incomparable. See Duchess's Favourite.

Scarlet Leadington

Fruit, medium sized; conical, even in its outline, broadest at the base, and narrowing towards the eye, where it is distinctly four-sided. Skin, smooth and shining, yellow on the shaded side, and the whole of the exposed side covered with brilliant dark crimson, shining as if varnished, and which shades off in streaks of bright crimson. Eye, large and open, with long, broad, and ragged segments, set in a shallow basin. Stalk, short and slender, inserted in a wide and shallow cavity, which is lined with russet. Flesh, yellowish, tender, crisp, juicy, and sugary, with a brisk and pleasant flavour, slightly perfumed.

An apple much esteemed in Scotland as a first-rate variety, both for the dessert and culinary purposes; but it does not rank so high in the south; it is in use from November to February.

Scarlet Nonpareil

Fruit, medium sized; round, narrowing towards the apex, regularly and handsomely shaped. Skin, yellowish on the shaded side, streaked with pale red, but covered with red, which is streaked with deeper red, on the side next the sun, and covered with patches of russet and large russety specks. Eye, open, with flat erect segments, reflexed at the tips, and set in a shallow and even basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, an inch or more in length, straight, inserted in a small round cavity, which is lined with scales of silvery grey russet. Flesh, yellowish white, firm, juicy, rich, and sugary. Cells, elliptical or ovate; axile, slit.

A very excellent dessert apple of first-rate quality; it is in use from January to March.

The tree is hardy, a good grower, though slender in its habit, and an excellent bearer.

The Scarlet Nonpareil, according to one account, was discovered growing in the garden of a publican at Esher, in Surrey, and was first cultivated by Grimwood, of the Kensington Nursery, but according to Salisbury it was raised from seed at Kempton Park, near Sun bury, in the beginning of this century (1816).