This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and three inches high; tall and angular like the Catshead and Dutch Codlin. It is distinctly five-sided, with five corresponding angles. Skin, quite green, becoming yellowish as it ripens. Eye, with divergent segments, set in a deep, angular, and plaited basin. Stamens, median; tube, conical, very wide and deep. Stalk, short, inserted by the side of a large and prominent growth, which projects from the fruit in the form of the spout of a jug. Flesh, greenish, juicy, very acid. Cells, elliptical; abaxile.
A kitchen apple of singular appearance, peculiar to Scotland. It receives its name from the likeness of the fruit to a stoup, or pitcher for holding liquids, which it certainly resembles when stood upon the eye, the stalk being upwards; it is in use from November till January. See Grey Leadington.
Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide, and an inch and three-quarters high; round and depressed, uneven in its outline, being angular and considerably ribbed about the eye, which is deeply sunk. Skin, with a lemon-yellow ground, covered with light crimson, which is thickly marked with broken streaks and mottles of a bright and darker crimson on the side next the sun, and these extend for a considerable space to the shaded side, but much paler; the base and cavity of the stalk are covered with cinnamon russet. Eye, open, with somewhat divergent segments, set in a very deep and ribbed basin. Stamens, basal; tube, short, funnel-shaped. Stalk, very short, imbedded in a very deep cavity. Flesh, yellowish, close-grained and spongy, with a sweet, mawkish juice, stained with red at the base of the tube, and nowhere else. Cells, small and obovate; axile, quite closed.
A valuable Herefordshire cider apple.
Fruit, of the largest size; beautiful and handsome, roundish, and somewhat depressed, obscurely ribbed. Skin, bright lively green, almost entirely covered with broken streaks and patches of fine deep red, and thickly strewed with russety dots; in some specimens the colour extends almost entirely round the fruit. Eye, closed, with short, erect, convergent segments, which are reflexed at the tips, set in a deep, irregular, and angular basin. Stamens, basal; tube, conical. Stalk, half an inch long, imbedded its whole length in the cavity, sometimes very short, or a mere knob with a fleshy swelling on one side. Flesh, yellowish, firm, crisp, juicy, and pleasantly acid. Cells, obovate; axile or abaxile.
One of the handsomest and best culinary apples in cultivation; for baking it is unrivalled; it is in use from October till May.
The tree is very hardy, and an excellent bearer.
This noble apple was introduced by Mr. George Lindley, who found it growing in 1794 in the garden of William Crowe, Esq., at Lakenham, near Norwich. He measured a specimen of the fruit, and found it twelve inches and a half in circumference, and weighing twelve ounces and a half avoirdupois. Through the kindness of George Jefferies, Esq., of Marlborough Terrace, Kensington, who procured it from his residence in Norfolk, I had the good fortune, in 1847, to obtain grafts, which, when propagated, I distributed through several of the principal nurseries of the country. Till then it does not seem ever to have been in general cultivation, as it was not mentioned in any of the nursery catalogues, nor in that of the London Horticultural Society. I am glad to see that it is now not unfrequently met with in good gardens.