Summer Gilliflower

Fruit, large, rather over three inches wide, and three inches high; conical, or Codlin-shaped, with acute and irregular angles, which extend to the crown, and form prominent unequal ridges. Skin, pea-green, mottled and streaked with dull red on the side next the sun, which extends to the shaded side of a paler colour, where it is mottled; round the crown and in the stalk cavity it is covered with pale brown russet. Eye, quite closed, with erect connivent segments, set in a deep and very angular basin. Stamens, median; tube, long conical. Stalk, half an inch to three-quarters long, slender, and with a fleshy swelling on one side. Flesh, with a greenish yellow tinge, very tender and juicy, and a fine delicate aromatic flavour. Cells, elliptical, abaxile, Codlin-like.

A large, handsome, and very fine dessert apple, sent to me from Cornwall by Mr. J. Vivian, of Hayle.

Summer Golden Pippin (Summer Pippin; White Summer Pippin)

Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a quarter broad at the base, and two inches and a quarter high; ovate, flattened at the ends. Skin, smooth and shining, pale yellow on the shaded side, but tinged with orange and brownish red on the side next the sun, and strewed over with minute russety dots. Eye, open, with divergent segments, set in a wide, shallow, and slightly plaited basin. Stamens, basal; tube, short, funnel-shaped. Stalk, thick, a quarter of an inch long, completely imbedded in a moderately deep cavity, which is lined with russet. Flesh, yellowish, firm, very juicy, with a rich, vinous, and sugary flavour. Cells, obovate; axile, closed.

This is one of the most delicious summer apples, and ought to form one of every collection, however small; it is ripe in the end of August, and keeps about a fortnight.

The tree is a small grower, and attains about the third size. It is an early and abundant bearer, and succeeds well when grafted on the doucin or paradise stock. When grown on the pomme paradis of the French, it forms a beautiful little tree, which can be successfully cultivated in pots.

Summer Oslin. See Oslin.

Summer Pearmain (Autumn Pearmain)

Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide at the base, and the same high; conical, or abrupt Pearmain-shaped, round at the base, and tapering towards the apex. Skin, yellow, streaked all over with large patches and broken streaks of red, mixed with silvery russet, strewed with numerous russety dots, and covered with large patches of rough russet on the base. Eye, closed, half open, with long erect segments, placed in a wide, shallow, and plaited basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, half an inch long, obliquely inserted under a fleshy protuberance on one side of it, which is a permanent and distinguishing character of this apple. Flesh, deep yellow, firm, crisp, juicy, richly and highly perfumed. Cells, obovate; axile.

An excellent apple, long cultivated, and generally regarded as one of the popular varieties of this country; it is suitable either for culinary purposes or the dessert, and is in use during September and October. The tree is a good grower, and healthy, of an upright habit of growth, and forms a fine standard tree of the largest size; it succeeds well grafted on the paradise stock, when it forms handsome espaliers and open dwarfs.

This is what in many nurseries is cultivated as the Royal Pearmain, but erroneously. It is one of the oldest English varieties, being mentioned by Parkinson in 1629. It is the Autumn Pearmain of the Horticultural Society's Catalogue.

Summer Pippin. See Madeleine.

Summer Pippin. Sec Summer Golden Pippin. Summer Queening. See Crimson Queening.