This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, large and conical. Skin, dull olive green, with an imperfect mixture of yellow on the shaded side, and yellowish red, much spotted, with broken rows of large blood-red dots next the sun. Flesh, white and juicy, somewhat resembling the English Codlin.
A good culinary apple for a northern climate; in use during November and December.
Taunton Black. See Black Taunton.
Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a quarter wide, and the same in height; oblato-cylindrical, regularly and handsomely shaped. Skin, deep rich yellow, strewed with markings and freckles of russet on the shaded side, but covered with a cloud of red, which is marked with deeper red streaks on the side next the sun. Eye, open, set in a wide, rather deep, and plaited basin. Stalk, short, inserted in a narrow and rather shallow cavity. Flesh, yellow, firm, crisp, and delicate, with a brisk, sugary, and particularly rich vinous flavour.
A dessert apple of first-rate quality; in use from December to March.
Fruit, small, about two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; roundish and angular. Skin, dark mahogany red, streaked with dark red, except on the shaded side, where it is yellowish streaked with pale red. Eye, closed, with con-nivent segments, set in a puckered basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, short and slender, inserted in a close shallow cavity. Flesh, tender, sweet, and agreeably acid. It is very much stained with red, and when cut latitudinally the ten carpel threads will be found also red, and this gives rise to the name Ten Commandments. Cells, ovate; axile.
A Herefordshire apple of no great merit; in use in November.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half broad, and two inches high; roundish oblate, with obtuse angles on the sides. Skin, greenish yellow, almost entirely covered with pale brown russet, but bright red streaked with darker red on the side next the sun. Eye, large, with long narrow segments, which are convergent, set in an angular basin. Stamens, median or basal; tube, short conical, inclining to funnel-shape. Stalk, half an inch long, inserted in a moderately deep cavity. Flesh, yellowish white, tender, sweet, and slightly acid. Cells, ovate; axile, closed or slit.
A second-rate dessert apple; ripe in November.
Fruit, about medium size, two inches and a half broad, by two inches high; roundish, inclining to ovate. Skin, smooth and glossy, as if varnished, yellowish green where shaded, and entirely covered with deep red, which is marked with streaks of still deeper red, where exposed to the sun. Eye, large, half open, with broad, flat segments, set in a rather shallow, round, and saucer-like basin. Stalk, very short, inserted in a round and shallow cavity, which is slightly marked with russet. Flesh, greenish white, tender, crisp, brisk, and juicy, but with no particular richness of flavour.
A second-rate dessert apple, of neat and handsome appearance; in use from October to February.