Winter Colman (Black Jack; Norfolk Colman; Norfolk Storing)

Fruit, above medium size, three inches wide, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish and flattened, obtusely angular on the side, and ribbed at the crown. Skin, yellowish green, with a tinge of dull red, on the shaded side, but deep dull mahogany brown on the side next the sun, which becomes clearer and more red as it attains maturity. Eye, with broad, erect, convergent segments, set in a rather shallow and plaited basin. Stamens, median, inclining to basal; tube, conical. Stalk, short, thick, and deeply inserted. Flesh, firm, crisp, and briskly acid. Cells, round; axile, closed.

A culinary apple of first-rate quality; in use from November to April.

The tree is a very strong and vigorous grower, so much so, that in its young state it is not a great bearer, but when grafted on the paradise stock it produces abundantly.

Winter Greening (Claremont Pippin; French Crab; Easter Pippin; Ironstone Pippin; John Apple; Young's Long Keeping; Bobin; Yorkshire Robin)

Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish, widest at the middle, and narrowing towards the crown, round which are a few small ridges. Skin, smooth and shining, of a dark lively green, strewed with minute russety dots, and with a blush of dull red where exposed to the sun. Eye, small and closed, set in a shallow and plaited basin. Stamens, median; tube, short, funnel-shaped. Stalk, half an inch long, inserted in a round cavity, which is lined with russet. Flesh, greenish, very close in texture, brittle and juicy, with a very sharp and pleasant acid. Cells, obovate; axile, slit.

A culinary apple of first-rate quality, which comes into use in November, and has been known to last under favourable circumstances for two years. Dry sand is a good article to preserve it in.

The tree is very hardy, a free and good grower, and an abundant bearer.

I have not adopted here the nomenclature of the Horticultural Society's Catalogue, for two reasons. First, because Winter Greening is the previous name, and, so far as I can find, the original one. It is also very applicable, and not subject to the same objection which Mr. Lindley has to French Crab, Second, because there is already in the Horticultural Society's Catalogue the "White Easter" - the "Paasch Appel" of Knoop - and the two names being so similar may tend to confusion, a result of already too frequent occurrence, and most desirable to be avoided. The name Winter Greening is also more descriptive.

Winter Hawthornden

Fruit, large, from three inches and a half to four inches wide, and two and three-quarters to three inches high; roundish ovate, flattened, and bluntly angular. Skin, deep yellow with a greenish tinge, but when quite ripe rich yellow on the shaded side, and with a thin bright red cheek, which is somewhat streaked with crimson, on the side next the sun, thinly strewed with large russet dots. Eye, small and half open, with short, slightly divergent segments, set in a rather deep basin, with rather knobbed plaits. Stamens, median; tube, varying between deep funnel-shape and deep conical. Stalk, very short, deeply inserted in the wide irregular cavity. Flesh, with a yellowish tinge, firm, crisp, and juicy, with a pleasant mild acidity. Cells, elliptical; abaxile.

A large and very handsome cooking apple; in use from November till after Christmas.

This is a very distinct apple from the New Hawthornden introduced by Mr. Rivers in 1847, and is much superior to it, being of greater weight and of much firmer texture. I received it from Mr. George Paul, of the Nurseries, Cheshunt. See New Hawthorden.