Fruit, medium sized; of an oval shape, tapering a little towards the crown, which is narrow. Skin, entirely covered with bright red, which is very dark on the side next the sun, but on the shaded side it is thin red and yellow streaked with red. Eye, closed, with rather long segments, set in a moderately deep basin, and surrounded with fine knobs. Stamens, rather basal; tube, short, conical. Stalk, a quarter to half an inch long, inserted obliquely, with a large swelling at its base on one side, which is said by its appearance to give the name to the fruit. Flesh, yellowish, sometimes stained with red under the skin, tender, juicy, and acid. Cells, obovate; axile, slit.

A Herefordshire cider apple.

Specific gravity of the juice, 1073.

This is one of the oldest cider apples, and is highly commended by the writers of the seventeenth century; but according to Mr. Knight it has long ceased to deserve the attention of the planter. It is said that the name of this apple is derived from an imagined resemblance in the form of the fruit and fruit-stalk, in some instances, to the head and beak of a woodcock; but Mr. Knight thinks it probable that it was raised by a person of that name.

Woodcock. See Green Woodcock,

Woodley's Favourite

Fruit, medium sized, three inches wide, and two inches and a quarter high; roundish and rather flattened at the crown, bluntly angular. Skin, rather greasy when handled, deep yellow, and with a faint blush of crimson where exposed to the sun. Eye, rather large, with broad, flat segments, set in a wide and plaited basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, half an inch to three-quarters long, set in a wide and rather deep cavity. Flesh, yellowish, tender, juicy, and with a pleasant mild acidity. Cells, ovate; abaxile.

An excellent cooking apple; in use from October to Christmas. It is a fine heavy apple. Seat me by Messrs. Wood & Ingram, of Huntingdon.

Woodpecker. See Baldwin.

Wood's Huntingdon. See Court of Wick.

Woodstock Pippin. See Blenheim Pippin.

Woolman's Long (Ortley; Van Dyne)

Fruit, medium sized; oblong. Skin, clear deep yellow on the shaded side, but bright scarlet on the side next the sun, sprinkled with imbedded pearly specks and russety dots. Eye, large, set in a moderately deep and plaited basin. Stalk, slender, inserted in a rather deep and even cavity. Flesh, yellowish, crisp, brittle, juicy, with a rich, brisk, and perfumed flavour. An excellent apple of first-rate quality, suitable either for culinary or dessert use; it is in season from December to April.

This is an American apple, and originated in the State of New Jersey, U.S.

Worcester Pearmain

Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, and the same in height; conical, even and very slightly angular towards the crown, where it is narrow. Skin, very smooth, and completely covered with a brilliant red, dotted with fawn-coloured freckles; here and there in some of the specimens the yellow ground shows faintly through the red; from the stalk cavity issue branches of russet, which extend over the base. Eye, small, closed, with long, connivent segments forming a cone set on the apex of the fruit, with a few prominent plaits round it. Stamens, marginal; tube, long, funnel-shaped. Stalk, from a quarter to three-quarters of an inch long, deeply inserted in an even cavity. Flesh, very tender,. crisp, very juicy, sweet, and sprightly, with a pleasant flavour. Cells, obovate; axile, slit.

A handsome early kitchen or dessert apple, ripe in August and September. The tree is a free bearer, and from the great beauty of the fruit is a favourite in the markets.

Messrs. Richard Smith & Co., of Worcester, sent me this in 1873. It is a seedling from Devonshire Quarrenden.