Brownlees's Russet

Large, roundish ovate, and rather flattened. Skin, green and russety, with brownish red next the sun. Eye, closed, in a narrow, shallow, plaited basin. Stamens, median; tube, short conical. Stalk, short, deeply inserted, with a swelling on one side of it. Flesh, greenish white, tender, juicy, sweet, briskly flavoured, and aromatic. Cells, pointed ovate; axile, open.

An excellent late apple, suitable either for cooking or the dessert. In use from January to May.

This was introduced by Mr. William Brownlees, a nurseryman at Hemel Hemp' sted, Herts, about the year 1848.

Brown Spice. See Burntisland Spice. Brummage Pippin. See Birmingham Pippin.


Fruit, medium size, but sometimes large, being three inches and a quarter wide, and two inches and a half high; oblate or roundish, uneven in its outline from having prominent blunt angles on the sides, and unevenly ridged round the crown. Skin, greenish yellow, becoming quite yellow when ripe, but so overspread with light brown russet as to expose the ground colour in large blotches. Eye, half open, with erect flat segments, somewhat recurved at the points, set in a rather deep, regular, and plaited basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, more than half an inch long, rather slender, and inserted in a deep, round cavity. Flesh, greenish, fine grained, crisp, juicy, and sweet, with a good flavour. Cells, round; abaxile.

An excellent culinary or dessert apple, which keeps till May, but is very liable to shrivel.

Bull's Golden Reinette

Fruit, exactly similar in shape to a medium-sized Blenheim Pippin. Skin, more highly coloured than that variety, the side next the sun being covered with a streak of deep, brilliant crimson; on the shaded side it is yellow, with a few broken streaks of pale crimson, the whole surface sparingly dotted with rather large grey dots. Eye, quite open, set in a plaited saucerlike basin. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, half an inch long; inserted in a round, even, and deep cavity; russety over the base. Flesh, yellowish, very tender, juicy, sweet, and with a fine aroma. Cells, ovate; axile, slit.

A very handsome apple of the first quality, suitable for the dessert; and in use in December and January.

Bunyard's Seedling. See Alexandra,

Burchardt's Reinette

Fruit, from two and a quarter inches to three inches wide, and from one and a half to two inches and a quarter high; roundish oblate, evenly and regularly formed. Skin, greenish yellow, much covered with dark brown russet network, and large patches of the same. Eye, quite open, with short reflexed segments, set in a rather deep saucer-like basin. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, inserted the whole of its length in the cavity. Flesh, tender, crisp, juicy, and when highly ripened of a rich and sweet flavour. Cells, roundish obovate; azild.

A dessert apple of excellent quality when grown in a warm soil and favourable situation.

This was raised by Herr von Harhwiss, director of the royal garden at Nikita. and was named in honour of the celebrated pomologist, Herr von Burchardt, of Landsberg, on the Warta.