Calville Blanche D'ÉTÉ (White Summer Calville)

Fruit, medium sized, about three inches broad, and two inches high; roundish and flattened at the ends, with prominent ribs on the sides, which extend to the eye and form ridges round the apex - the true character of the Calvilles. Skin, tender and delicate; when ripe, of a very pale straw colour, and without the least tinge of red on the side exposed to the sun, but sometimes marked with a few traces of delicate russet, but no dots. Eye, large, and closed with long, broad segments, and set in a pretty deep and very angular basin. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, stout, inserted in a wide and rather shallow cavity, which is lined with thin russet. Flesh, white, tender, and delicate, with a sweet and pleasant flavour. Cells, roundish; axile.

A very good early culinary apple, but not of the finest quality, being too soft and tender; it is ripe during August, and lasts till the middle of September.

The tree is a very strong and vigorous grower, with a large round head, and is an excellent bearer. It is distinguished by its very large foliage, the leaves being four and a half inches long by three and a quarter broad.

This is an old continental variety, but has been very little noticed by writers on Pomology. It is mentioned in the Jardinier Frangais of 1653, and by De La Quintinye; but the first work in which it is either figured or described is Knoop's "Pomologie." Duhamel does not notice it, although it is enumerated in the catalogue of the Chartreuse, from whose garden he received the materials for producing his work on fruits.

Calville Blanche D'Hiver (Bonnet Carre; Calville Blanche; White Calville : White Winter Calville)

Fruit, largo, three inches and a half wide, and three inches and a quarter high; roundish and flattened, with broad uneven and unequal ribs, extending the whole length of the fruit, and terminating at the apex in prominent unequal ridges. Skin, delicate, pale yellow tinged with green, becoming bright golden yellow at maturity, washed with deep red on the side next the sun, and strewed with brown dots, and a few markings of greyish white russet. Eye, small and closed, with stout and pointed segments, set in a deep, irregular, five-ribbed basin, which is surrounded with knobs. Stamens, marginal; tube, deep conical. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, slender, and inserted the whole of its length in a deep and angular cavity, which is lined with russet. Flesh, yellowish white, delicate, and juicy, with a rich, lively, and agreeable aromatic flavour. Cells, obovate; abaxile.

A valuable winter apple, admirably adapted for all culinary purposes, and excellent also for the dessert. It is in use from January April.

The tree is a strong and vigorous grower, and a good bearer, but does not attain more than the middle size. It is rather liable to canker in damp situations, and is better suited for a dwarf than a standard; if grown on the paradise stock the appearance of the fruit is very much improved.

This variety is sometimes called Pumme Glace, which is, however, a distinct variety, known by the names of Rouge des Chartreux and Pomme de Concombre; it is a form of Calville Blanche ďHiver, the fruit is about the size of an egg, but twice as long.