Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide, and the same high; conical, like a small Codlin, narrowing abruptly to the eye, where it forms a sort of snout. Skin, smooth, greenish yellow on the shaded side, and washed with red, which is streaked with bright crimson next the sun. Eye, very small and closed, set in a narrow puckered basin surrounded with small knobs or ridges. Stamens, marginal; tube, deep wide funnel-shaped. Stalk, from a half to three-quarters of an inch long, set in a pretty deep cavity. Flesh, white, crisp, tender, very juicy, and pleasantly flavoured. Cells, wide open, ovate oblong; abaxile.

A fine apple for kitchen use. It is excellent in a tart, and requires no sugar. It does not cook to a pulp, the pieces retain the shape into which they are cut.

This is a very beautiful and ornamental apple. On some soils, when the fruit is much exposed to the sun, it is bright crimson all over, marked with broken streaks on a bright yellow ground. It is the apple most generally grown in Asia Minor, on the shores of the Mediterranean.

American Fall Pippin. See Fall Pippin,

American Golden Russet

Fruit, about the size of Golden Harvey. In form it is roundish ovate, even and regular in its outline. Skin, yellow when ripe, and covered with patches of pale brown, or rather ashen grey russet. Eye, closed, set in a narrow and shallow basin. Stalk, an inch long and slender. Flesh, yellowish, very tender and fine grained, juicy, rich, and with an aromatic flavour.

This is a very valuable dessert apple, and is in use from October to January.

The origin of this variety is unknown, but it has long existed in America, being mentioned by Coxe in 1817.

American Mother (Mother Apple; Queen Anne; Gardener's Apple)

Fruit, medium size, two inches and three-quarters wide, and the same in height; conical, even, and slightly undulating on its surface, and generally longer on one side of the axis than the other. Skin, golden yellow, covered with mottles and streaks of crimson on the side next the sun, and strewed with russet dots. Eye, small, closed and tapering, set in a narrow basin. Stamens, median; tube, conical, inclining to funnel-shape. Stalk, half an inch long, very slender, inserted in a deep cavity. Flesh, yellowish white, remarkably tender, crisp, and breaking, very juicy, sweet, and with a balsamic aroma. Cells, elliptical; abaxile, wide and Codlin-like.

One of the finest dessert apples in October. In shape it resembles Adams's Pearmain.

This is an American apple, and one of the few that ripen well in this country. I may here state that the indiscriminate introduction and recommendation of American fruits have led to grievous disappointment, and growers cannot exercise too much caution in the reception of advice on this subject. I have distinguished this as the "American" Mother Apple, as there are other varieties in this country known as the Mother Apple. It originated at Bolton, Massachusetts.

American Newtown Pippin. See Newtown Pippin. American Plate. See Golden Pippin,