Fruit, rather above medium size; roundish, and flattened at both ends. Skin, rich deep yellow, with spots and patches of lively red on the shaded side; and bright red streaked and mottled with dark crimson next the sun, with here and there a tinge of yellow breaking through. Eye, large and open, with short, acute, and re-flexed segments, and set in a shallow and slightly plaited basin. Stalk, very short, inserted in a funnel-shaped cavity. Stamens, median, or basal; tube, conical or funnel-shaped. Flesh, white, tender, very juicy, brisk, and pleasantly flavoured, with a somewhat balsamic aroma. Cells, roundish or obovate; axile, open.

A culinary apple of the first quality; in use during October and November. It is a fine, showy, and handsome apple, bearing a strong resemblance to the Nonesuch, from which in all probability it was raised. It originated with Mr. Leonard Phillips, of Vauxhall.

Chalmers' Large. See Dutch Codlin.

Challenge Pippin

Fruit, from two and a quarter to two and a half inches wide, and two to two and a quarter inches high; either cylindrical or ovate in shape; even and regular in its outline. Skin, smooth and shining, of a bright grass-green ground colour, and entirely covered with bright dark crimson streaks on the side next the sun, and paler on the shaded side. Eye, open, with divergent segments, set in a pretty deep plaited basin. Stamens, median; tube, short, funnel-shaped. Stalk, short and stout, inserted in a round russety cavity. Flesh, greenish, tender, juicy, and pleasantly acid, with a brisk flavour. Cells, roundish; axile, open.

An excellent culinary apple, grown in Cornwall, and sent to me by J. Vivian, Esq., of Hayle. It keeps well till Christmas.

Charlamowiski. See Duchess of Oldenburg,


Fruit, two inches and a quarter wide, and under two inches high; roundish oblate, even and regular in its outline, flattened on the top, and with five prominent round knobs round the eye. Skin, of an uniform pale yellow, with a faint blush of rose, dotted with deeper red on the side next the sun. Eye, large and closed, with broad segments, which are reflexed at the tips, three of which are broader, and cover the other two. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, woody, slender, and deeply inserted. Flesh, yellowish, very soft and tender, rather sweet, and without much flavour. Cells, elliptical; axile.

An early apple; ripe in the second or third week in August, and soon becomes mealy.

Chaxhill Red

Fruit, two inches and three-quarters wide, and a little over two inches high; roundish oblate, even and regularly formed. Skin, completely covered with deep crimson, streaked with deeper and brighter colour, except where it is shaded, and there it is greenish yellow, thinly wished and streaked with red; green and russety round the stalk. Eye, small, with connivent segments, set in a round, even, and shallow basin. Stamens, median; tube, short, funnel-shaped. Stalk, short and stout, quite imbedded in the narrow cavity. Flesh, tender, with a mild sub-acid flavour. Cells, roundish obovate; axile, open.

A Gloucestershire apple, which was awarded a first-class certificate at Gloucester about the year 1873 for its excellence for cider.