American Summer Pearmain (Early Summer Pearmain)

Fruit, medium sized, oblong, regularly and handsomely shaped. Skin, yellow, covered with patches and streaks of light red, on the shaded side, and streaked with fine bright red, interspersed with markings of yellow, on the side next the sun. Eye, set in a wide and deep basin. Stalk, slender, inserted in a round and deep cavity. Flesh, yellow, very tender, rich, and pleasantly flavoured.

An excellent early apple, either for dessert or kitchen use. It is ripe in the end of August, and will keep till the end of September.

The tree is a healthy grower, a prolific bearer, and succeeds well on light soils.

Amphlett's Favourite

Fruit, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; roundish oblate, prominently ribbed on the sides, and with five prominent ridges round the crown. Skin, bright red on the side next the sun, and striped with darker red, but where shaded it is yellow with a greenish tinge; over the base it is covered with thin pale grey russet. Eye, with long, pointed, somewhat divergent segments, set in a deep angular basin. Stamens, median; tube, conical. Stalk, short, and very slender, inserted its whole length in the cavity. Flesh, yellowish white, juicy, and of good flavour. Cells, round; axile, open.

A culinary apple of Herefordshire in use during the autumn and up to Christmas.

Anglesea Pippin. See Red Astrachan.

Annat Scarlet

Fruit, two inches wide, and an inch and a. half high; roundish oblate, even and regular in its outline, and bearing a close resemblance to Devonshire Quarrendon, both in shape and colour. The flesh is also stained with red, but it is inferior in flavour to Devonshire Quarrendon. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Cells, closed, round. It was raised by Mr. A. Gorrie, at Annat, Perthshire.

Annie Elizabeth

Fruit, large, round, widest at the base, prominently ribbed or angular. Skin, pale yellow on the shaded side, streaked and spotted on the side next the sun with bright crimson. Eye, with connivent segments, deeply set in an irregular angular basin. Stamens, median; tube, deep conical. Stalk, short, deeply set, frequently with a swelling on one side of it. Flesh, white, and of firm, yet crisp and tender texture, with a fine, brisk, sprightly flavour. Cells, obovate; abaxile.

An excellent late kitchen or dessert apple.

A seedling raised by Messrs. Harrison & Sons, of Leicester. Received a First Class Certificate from the Royal Horticultural Society, 1868.

Api (Lady Apple; Api Rouge; Pomme d'Api; Petit Api Rouge; Api Petit)

Fruit, small, oblate. Skin, thick, smooth, and shining, yellowish green in the shade, changing to pale yellow as it attains maturity, and deep glossy red, approaching to crimson, on the side next the sun. Eye, small, set in a rather deep and plaited basin. Stalk, short, and deeply inserted. Stamens, marginal; tube, conical. Flesh, white, crisp, tender, sweet, very juicy, and slightly perfumed. Cells, obovate; axile, slit.

A beautiful little dessert apple in use from October to April. It should be eaten with the skin on, as it is there that the perfume is contained. The skin is very sensitive of shade, and any device may be formed upon it, by causing pieces of papers, in the form of the design required, to adhere on the side exposed to the sun, before it has attained its deep red colour.

The tree is of a pyramidal habit of growth, healthy, and an abundant bearer. It succeeds well in almost any situation, provided the soil is rich, loamy, and not too light or dry; and may be grown with equal success either on the doucin or crab stock. When worked on the French paradise it is well adapted for pot culture. The fruit is firmly attached to the spurs and forcibly resists the effects of high winds.

It has been asserted that this apple was brought from Peloponessus to Rome by Appius Claudius. Whether this be true or not, there can be no doubt it is of great antiquity, as all the oldest authors regard it as the production of an age prior to their own. Dalechamp and Harduin are of opinion that it is the Petisia of Pliny; but J. Baptista Porta considers it to be the Appiana of that author, who thus describes it, "Odor est his cotoneorum magnitudo qua Claudianis, color rubens."* From this description it is evident that two varieties are referred to, the Appiana and Claudiana. Such being the case, J. Baptista Porta says, "duo sunt apud nos mala, magnitudine, et colore paria, et preciosa, quorum unum odorem servat cotoneorum, alterum minime. Quod odore caret, vulgo dictum Melo rosa. Id roseo colore perfusum est, mira teneritudine et sapore, minime fugax, pomum magnitudine media, ut facile cum ceteris de principatu certet, nec indignum Claudii nomine. Hoc Claudianum dicerem."† This Melo Rosa may possibly be the Pomme Rose or Gros Api; and if so, we may infer that the Api is the Appiana, and the Gros Api the Claudiana of Pliny, This, however, may be mere conjecture, but as the authority referred to was a native of Naples, and may be supposed to know something of the traditionary associations of the Roman fruits, I have deemed it advisable to record his opinion on the subject.

According to Merlet. the Api was first discovered as a wilding in the Forest of Api, in Brittany.

Although mentioned by most of the early continental writers, the Api does not appear to have been known in this country till towards the end of the 17th century. It is first mentioned by Worlidge, who calls it "Pomme Appease, a curious apple. lately propagated; the fruit is small and pleasant, which the Madams of France carry in their pockets, by reason they yield no unpleasant scent." Lister, in his "Journey to Paris, 1698," speaking of this as being one of the apples served up in the dessert, says, "Also the Pome d'Apis, which is served here more for show than for use; being a small flat apple, very beautiful, and very red on one side, and pale or white on the other, and may serve the ladies at their toilets as a pattern to paint by." De Quintinye calls it "Une Pomme des Damoiselles et de bonne compagnie."

Under the name of Lady Apple, large quantities of the Api are annually imported to this country from the United States, where it is grown extensively and profitably, as it always commands the highest price of any other fancy apple in the market. In the winter months they may be seen encircled with various coloured tissue papers, adorning the windows of the fruiterers in Covent Garden Market.

There are other varieties mentioned by J. Baptista Porta as belonging to the Api family; one which ripened in August, in size like the Claudiana already mentioned, and commonly called Melo Appio Rosso, because it retained the scent of the Api; this is probably the Rother Sommer-api of Diel. There is another, of which he says, "Assererem tuto esse Melapium Plinii," and which was held in such estimation as to give rise to the proverb - "Omme malum malum prater appium malum."