This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, medium sized; roundish, and angular on the sides. A good deal resembling the Hawthornden. Skin, pale yellow, marked with dull red next the sun, and streaked and dotted with deeper red. Stalk, slender. Flesh, yellowish, crisp, juicy, brisk, and well-flavoured.
An excellent culinary apple; in use from October to February. It is said to be of finer flavour than the Hawthornden, and to be even a good dessert apple.
The tree is hardy, a strong, vigorous, and upright grower, and an abundant bearer. It is well suited for all northern and exposed situations.
This is one of the varieties raised by Sir G. S. Mackenzie, Bart., of Coul, Rosshire.
Fruit, below medium size; roundish ovate, regular and handsome. Skin, when fully ripe, of a fine clear yellow, with bright orange, which sometimes breaks out in a faint red next the sun, and covered all over with russety freckles. Eye, large and open, with long, acuminate, and reflexed segments, set in a wide, shallow, and even basin. Stamens, marginal or median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, short and slender, inserted in a smooth and even cavity, which is lined with thin russet. Flesh, yellow, tender, crisp, very juicy, rich, and -highly flavoured. Cells, roundish elliptical; axile.
One of the best and most valuable dessert apples, both as regards the hardiness of the tree and the rich and delicious flavour of the fruit, which is not inferior to that of the Golden Pippin. It is in use from October to March.
The tree attains the middle size, is healthy, hardy, and an abundant bearer. There is scarcely any description of soil or exposure where it does not succeed, nor is it subject to the attacks of blight and canker. It grows well on the paradise stock, producing fruit much larger than on the crab, but not of so long duration. There are some soils, such as the Hastings Sand, which produce the fruit of Court of Wick of a fine clear orange with a somewhat crimson cheek on the side next the sun.
This variety is said to have originated at Court of Wick, near Yatton, in Somersetshire, and to have been raised from seed of the Golden Pippin. In his Survey Somersetshire, Billingsly says, "The favourite apple, both as a table and cider fruit, is the Court of Wick Pippin, taking its name from the spot where it was first produced. It originated from the pip or seed of the Golden Pippin, and may be considered as a beautiful variety of that fruit. In shape, colour, and flavour it has not its superior." It was called Wood's Huntingdon from being propagated by Mr. Wood, nurseryman, of Huntingdon, and sent out by him under that name about the year 1790.
Court-pendu-doree. See Golden Ruinette.
Fruit, medium sized; oblate, regularly and handsomely shaped. Skin, bright green at first on the shaded side, but changing as it ripens to clear yellow, marked with traces of russet, and russety dots; but entirely covered with rich deep red next the sun. Eye, large and open, with short segments, which are reflexed at the tips, set in a wide, rather deep basin. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, short and deeply inserted. Flesh, yellow, firm, crisp, very juicy, richly flavoured. Cells, obovate; axile, slit.
A valuable dessert apple of the first quality; in use from December to May. The tree is of small growth, very hardy, and an abundant bearer. Grafted on the paradise stock it makes excellent bushes and espaliers. The blossom of this variety expands later than that of any other variety, and on that account is less liable to be iojured by spring frosts; and hence it has been called the Wise Apple.
This is not the Capendu of Duhamel, as quoted by Lindley and Downing; neither is it the Court-Pendu of Forsyth and De La Qnintinye, that variety being the Fenouillet Rouge of Duhamel. The Courpendu of Miller is also a different apple from any of those just mentioned, and is distinguished by having a long and slender stalk, "so that the fruit is always hanging downwards." The name of this variety is derived from Corps pendu, translated by some Hanging Body, whereas that of the variety above described is from Court pendu, signifying suspended short, the stalk being so short that the fruit sits, as it were, upon the branch. The name Capendu, or Capendua, is mentioned by the earliest authors, but applied to different varieties of apples. It is met with in Ruellius, Tragus, Curtius, and Dalechamp, the latter considering it the Cestiana of Pliny. Curtius applies the name to a yellow apple, and so also does Ruellius; but Tragus considers it one of the varieties of Passe-pomme. He says, "Capendua magna sunt alba et dulcia, in quorum utero semina per maturitatem sonant, Ruellio Passipoma apellantur." They are also mentioned by J. Bauhin, "Celeberrimum hoc pomi genus est totius Europoæ, sic dicta, quod ex curto admodum pendeant pediculo."
It is called Garnons from the residence of the Cotterell family, near Hereford, where it had been grown without a name, and hence became known as the Garnons apple. For the same reason it is called Wollaton Pippin from the residence of Lord Middleton in Nottinghamshire.