Devonshire Buckland (Dredge's White Lily; Pile's Victoria; White Lily; Lily Buckland)

Fruit, above medium size; roundish, and flattened, angular on the sides. Skin, waxen yellow, strewed with minute russet dots. Eye, open, with erect segments, reflexed at the tips. Stamens, basal; tube, conical. Stalk, deeply inserted. Flesh, yellow, crisp, very juicy, brisk, sweet, and perfumed. Cells, round; axile.

A very good and useful apple, either for culinary or dessert use; in season from October to February,

Devonshire Quarrenden (Quarrington; Red Quarringdm; Sack Apple)

Fruit, rather below medium size; oblate, and sometimes a little angular in its outline. Skin, smooth and shining, entirely covered with deep purplish red, except where it is shaded by a leaf or twig, and then it is of a delicate pale green, presenting a clear and well-defined outline of the object which shades it. Eye, quite closed, with very long tomentose segments, and placed in an undulating and shallow basin, which is sometimes knobbed, and generally lined with thick wool. Stamens, marginal; tube, long, funnel-shaped. Stalk, about three-quarters of an inch long, fleshy at the insertion, deeply in a round and funnel-shaped cavity. Flesh, white, frequently stained with red, crisp, brisk, and very juicy, with a rich vinous and refreshing flavour. Cells, ovate; axile, slit.

A very valuable and first-rate dessert apple. It ripens on the tree the first week in August, and lasts till the end of September. It is one of the earliest summer dessert apples, and at that season is particularly relished for its fine, cooling, and refreshing vinous juice.

The tree attains a considerable size; it is particularly hardy, and a most prolific bearer. It succeeds well in almost every soil and situation, and is admirably adapted for orchard planting. In almost every latitude of Great Britain, from Devonshire to the Moray Frith, I have observed it in perfect health and luxuriance, producing an abundance of well-ripened fruit, which, though not so large, nor so early in the northern parts, still possessing the same richness of flavour as in the south.

This is supposed to be a very old variety. The earliest record I can find of Devonshire Quarrenden is in "The Compleat Planter and Cyderist," published in 1690. In 1693 it is mentioned by Ray; and except by Mortimer, it is not noticed by any subsequent writer till within a very recent period. It seems to have been unknown to Switzer, Lanirley, and Miller; nor do 1 find that it was grown in any of the London nurseries before the beginning of the present century. The only early catalogue in which I find it is that of Miller & Sweet, of Bristol, in 1790.

Devonshire Queen

Fruit, medium sized; roundish ovate, with prominent angles on the sides, which extend to the eye, where they form prominent ridges. Skin, entirely covered with deep, rich crimson, which is marked and streaked with a deeper shade of the same colour; but where shaded there is a slight patch of yellow. The whole surface is shining as if varnished. Eye, closed and deeply sunk. Stamens, marginal; tube, long, funnel-shaped. Stalk, half an inch long, slender, deeply inserted. Flesh, yellowish, white in the centre; but under the skin it is deeply tinged with red, and this extends sometimes to the core; soft and tender, with a strong aromatic and pleasantly acid flavour. Cells, roundish ovate; abaxile.

A very beautiful apple of good quality, ripe in the beginning of October, and which must be eaten as soon as ripe.

Ditton Nonpareil. See Braddick's Nonpareil.