Api Etoille (Pomme Etoillee; Sternapfel)

This is a variety of the Api, from which it is distinguished by being very much flattened, and furnished with five very prominent angles on the sides, which give it the appearance of a star, hence its name. Skin, of a deep yellow on the shaded side, and reddish orange next the sun. It is a well-flavoured apple, but only of second-rate quality; and ripens about the middle or end of September.

* Plinii Hist. Nat. Lib. xv., cap. 14.

† Villę, p. 278.

The variety received under this name by the London Horticultural Society must have been incorrect, as in the last edition of their catalogue it is made synonymous with Api Petit.

Api Gros (Pomme Rose; Pomme d'Api Gros; Passe-rose)

Fruit, below medium size, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches high; oblate. Skin, pale green, changing as it ripens to pale yellow on the shaded side, and pale red, mottled with green, where exposed to the sun. Eye, small and closed, set in a shallow and plaited basin. Stalk, short, inserted in a wide, rather deep, and russety cavity. Flesh, greenish, tender, crisp, very juicy, and briskly flavoured.

Suitable either for the dessert, or for culinary purposes; it is inferior to the Api and not a first-rate apple. In use from December to March. The tree has much similarity to the Api in its growth, and is a good bearer.

This is a variety of Api, and closely resembles it in all its parts, except that it is much larger. "La Pomme Rose resemble extremement partout son exterieur a la Pomme d'Apis, mais a mon gout elle ne la vaut pas quoy que puissent dire les curieux du Rhone, qui la veulent autant elever aussi au dessus des autres, quils elevent la Poire Chat au dessus des autres Poires." - De Quintinye.

Api Noir

Fruit, small, but a little larger and somewhat flatter than the Api, to which it bears a close resemblance. Skin, tender, smooth, and shining as if varnished, and almost entirely covered, where exposed to the sun, with very dark crimson, almost approaching to black, like the Pomme Violette, but becoming paler towards the shaded side, where there is generally a patch of light yellow; it is strewed with fawn-coloured dots, and some markings of russet. Eye, very small, set in a pretty deep and plaited basin. Stalk, slender, about three-quarters of an inch long, inserted in a rather deep, wide, and funnel-shaped cavity, which is slightly marked with russet. Flesh, pure white, firm and juicy, tinged with red under the skin, and with a pleasant, vinous, and slightly perfumed flavour.

A dessert apple, inferior to the Api, and cultivated merely for curiosity. It is in use from November to April, but is very apt to become mealy. The habit of the tree is similar to that of the Api, but it is rather a larger grower.

Api Petit. See Api.

Api Rouge. See Api.

Aporta. See Emperor Alexander.

Arbroath Pippin. See Oslin.

Arley. See Wyken Pippin.