Federal Pearmain

Fruit, above medium size, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a quarter high, roundish and somewhat flattened, with obtuse angles on the sides, extending to the apex, where they form undulating ridges. Skin, russety, yellowish, with a little red, and a few dark red streaks on the side next the sun. Eye, open, with spreading or reflexed segments, deeply set in a ribbed basin. Stamens, basal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, half an inch long. Flesh, fine, delicate, very juicy, and with a rich vinous flavour. Cells, oblate; axile.

A first-rate dessert apple; in use from December to March.

To call this a Pearmaiu is a misnomer, its shape being nearly oblate, and ribbed.

Fenouillet Jaune

Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter broad, and an inch and three-quarters high; roundish, flattened, and broadest at the base; even and regularly formed. Skin, fine bright yellow, marked with traces of pale brown russet. Eye, small and closed, set in a wide and pretty deep basin. Stalk, short and stout, inserted in a deep funnel-shaped cavity. Flesh, white, firm, sweet, and richly perfumed.

A delicious little dessert apple; in use from December till April. The tree is a free grower, quite hardy, and an excellent bearer, but requires a light and warm soil.

This is sometimes called Drap d'Or and Embroidered Pippin, but erroneously. Ferris' Pippin. See Fearn's Pippin.


Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and the same in height; conical, round at the base, flattened at the apex, and distinctly angular on the sides. Skin, pale dull greenish yellow on the shaded side, and streaked with broken patches and pen-cillings of pale red where exposed to the sun, the whole covered with russety dots. Eye, closed, as if drawn together or puckered, placed level with the flat crown, and with a small knob or wart at the base of each segment. Stalk, three-quarters of an inch long, thickest at the insertion, and placed in a small, round, and shallow cavity, which is surrounded with dark brown russet. Flesh, greenish white, tender, juicy, and acid, with a brisk and pleasant flavour.

An excellent culinary apple, extensively grown in the neighbourhood of Lancaster, where it is highly esteemed; it is in use from October to January.

First And Last

Fruit, medium sized; conical or ovate, even and regular in its outline, being of a true Pearmain shape. Skin, deep crimson on the side next the sun, mottled with the yellow ground colour which shines through it, and with here and there a smooth crust of pale brown russet, particularly round the crown and over the base; the shaded side is yellow, with here and there tinges of red and streaks of the same colour. Eye, very large and open, beautifully star-like, with long reflexed segments, set in a deep and narrow basin. Stamens, median; tube, short, conical, or funnel-shaped. Stalk, very slender, deeply inserted in a narrow cavity, which is lined with russet, or with a fleshy swelling on one side of it. Flesh, yellowish, tender, sweet, and brisk, with a peculiar spicy aroma. Cells, ovate; axile, slit.

An excellent culinary apple, and useful also in the dessert; in use from September till May.

A Sussex apple, much grown in the northern part of the county, about Horsham, and sent to Brighton market.