Greenwood Russet

Fruit, small, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; oblate, even and regular in its outline. Skin, deep yellow on the shaded side, and covered with a coat of ash-grey russet on the side next the sun. Eye, closed, with erect convergent segments, which are reflexed at the tips, set in a shallow, plaited basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, conical. Stalk, very short, not exceeding a quarter of an inch, and set in a wide, flat cavity. Flesh, yellowish, juicy, sweet, and well-flavoured. Cells, obovate; axile, open.

A second-rate dessert apple, which keeps in good condition to February without shrivelling.

Green Woodcock (Woodcock)

Fruit, medium sized; round and somewhat flattened. Skin, green, changing to yellow with a blush of red, which is striped with broad broken streaks of dark red on the side next the sun. Eye, open, with long pointed segments, deeply set in an angular basin. Stamens, basal; tube, conical. Stalk, short, inserted in a shallow cavity, lined with rough russet, which extends over the base. Flesh, white, tinged with green, tender, juicy, and briskly flavoured. Cells, obovate; axile, slit.

A good culinary apple; in use from October till Christmas.

This is very much grown about Heathfield and Hailsham, in Sussex.

Greenup's Pippin (Yorkshire Beauty; Cumberland Favourite; Counsellor; Red Hawthorden)

Fruit, above medium size, three inches wide, and two and a half high; roundish ovate, broadest at the base, and with a prominent rib on one side, extending from the base to the crown. Skin, smooth, pale straw-coloured, tinged with green on the shaded side, but covered with beautiful bright red on the side next the sun, and marked with several patches of thin delicate russet. Eye, with long, flat, erect segments, placed in a round, rather deep, and plaited basin. Stamens, marginal or median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, very short, inserted in a wide cavity. Flesh, pale yellowish white, tender, juicy, sweet, and briskly flavoured. Cells, elliptical; axile, slit.

An excellent apple, either for culinary or dessert use.

In the northern counties it is a popular and highly-esteemed variety, and ranks as a first-rate fruit; it is in use from October to December.

The tree is hardy and healthy; it does not attain a large size, but is an abundant bearer. When grown against a wall, as it sometimes is in the North of England and border counties, the fruit attains a large size, and is particularly handsome and beautiful. Grown on the Hastings Sand formation, it is a very handsome apple, attaining a large size, with a smooth glossy skin; the usual red cheek becomes a delicate rose tint, blending into the lemon yellow, and forming a fruit of great beauty. On that formation the tree succeeds admirably, and it is one I would strongly recommend for such light soils.

This was discovered in the garden of a shoemaker, at Keswick, named Greenup, and was first cultivated by Clarke and Atkinson, nurserymen at that place, in the end of last century. It is now much grown throughout the Border counties, and is a valuable apple where the choicer varieties do not attain perfection.