Hawthornden (Hawthomdean; White Hawthomdean; Old Hauthorndcan)

Fruit, varying very much in size, according to the situation and condition of the tree; sometimes it is very large, and again scarcely attaining the middle size; generally, however, it is above the medium size; roundish and depressed, with occasionally a prominent rib on one side, which gives it an irregularity in its appearance. Skin, smooth, covered with a delicate bloom; greenish yellow, with a blush of red on one side, which varies in extent and depth of colour according as it has been more or less exposed to the sun. Eye, small and closed, with broad and flat segments, placed in a pretty deep and plaited basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, conical. Stalk, short, stout, and sometimes fleshy, inserted in a deep and irregular cavity. Flesh, white, crisp, and tender, very juicy, with an agreeable and pleasant flavour. Cells, oblate or obovate; abaxile.

One of the most valuable and popular apples in cultivation. It is suitable only for kitchen use, and is in season from October to December.

The tree is very healthy and vigorous, and is an early and abundant bearer. It succeeds well in almost every description of soil and situation; but in some it cankers and is subject to attacks of the woolly aphis.

It takes its name from Hawthornden, a romantic spot near Edinburgh, celebrated as the birthplace and residence of Drummond, the poet, who was born there in 1585. I have never learnt at what period the Hawthornden was first discovered. The earliest mention of it is in the catalogue of Leslie & Anderson, of Edinburgh, but I do not think it was known about London till 1790, when it was introduced to the Brompton Park Nursery.

Hawthornden, New. See Winter Hawthornden.


Fruit, small, two inches wide, and the same in height; bluntly conical, even and regularly formed, knobbed and puckered round the eye. Skin, thin red almost over the whole surface, being yellow tinged with pale red where shaded; on the side next the sun it is bright shining red, streaked with dark crimson and mottled with pearl-like specks. Eye, closed, with erect segments, reflexed at the tips, set level with the surface and surrounded with prominent plaits. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Flesh, yellowish, soft, tender, not very juicy, and sometimes tinged with red. Cells, ovate, elliptical; axile, closed.

A very early apple, much grown in Derbyshire and the surrounding districts for the supply of the markets. It is quite ripe in the second week of August.

Headcroft's Seedling

Fruit, medium size, two inches and three-quarters wide, and the same high; ovate, even in its outline, and regularly formed; it narrows abruptly towards the crown, where it is puckered with numerous small ridges. Skin, smooth, clear pale yellow, and very few minute dots. Eye, small and open, set in a narrow puckered basin. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, very short, imbedded in the narrow cavity. Flesh, yellow, very tender, and brisk. Cells, ovate; axile, open.

An excellent cooking apple; in use from October till December.

A Sussex apple, much grown about Horsham.