This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, large, three inches wide, and two inches and a half high; roundish and flattened, with ribs on the sides. Skin, greenish yellow, with a slight tinge of pale brown where exposed to the sun, and strewed with large green dots. Eye, small and closed, set in a round, narrow, and plaited basin. Stalk, very short, imbedded in a wide and deep cavity. Flesh, yellowish white, firm, tender, juicy, sweet, and briskly acid.
This is the Holland Pippin of Langley and Miller, but not of Pay or Palph Austen, who make it synonymous with the Kirton Pippin, which Ray describes as being small and oblate, and the same as is called Broad-Eye in Sussex, The Holland Pippin is a native of the Holland district of Lincolnshire, hence its name.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and a half wide, and three inches high; conical, irregular in its outline, ribbed, and distinctly four-sided; at about four-fifths of its length towards the crown it is very much contracted and swells out again towards the eye, altogether very much resembling a Codlin in shape. Skin, smooth and shining, pale grass-green on the shaded side, and covered with a cloud of pale red next the sun, thinly strewed with dots, which are red on the exposed, and dark green on the shaded side. Eye, small and closed, set in a narrow, contracted, and plaited basin, which is surrounded with several small knobs. Stalk, green and downy, half an inch long, inserted in a narrow, close, and deep basin, which is quite smooth. Flesh, white, very tender and delicate, with a brisk, mild, and pleasant flavour. Core, very large, with open cells.
An excellent culinary apple, with a fine perfume; ripe in September.
It is extensively grown in Berkshire, particularly about Newbury and Reading, whence large quantities are sent to London for the supply of Covent Garden Market,
Fruit, medium sized; oblato-oblong, the same width at the apex as the base, and slightly angular on the sides. Skin, pale green, becoming yellow at maturity, with a faint blush of red where it is exposed to the sun. Eye, large, set in a wide and deep basin. Stalk, short, thick, and curved, inserted in a rather deep cavity. Flesh, firm, juicy, sugary, and briskly acid.
An excellent culinary apple; in use from November to February.
Hollow-eyed Pippin. See Hollow-crowned Pippin, Hood's Seedling. See Scarlet Pearmain,
Fruit, medium sized, two and a half to three inches wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; even in outline, and roundish. Skin, greenish yellow, becoming quite yellow when fully ripe, and an orange tinge where exposed to the sun; there are here and there traces of thin russet. Eye, partially open, with flat convergent segments, set in a wide basin. Stamens, median; tube, short, funnel-shaped. Stalk, short and stout, with sometimes a fleshy swelling on one side, surrounded with a patch of russet. Flesh, firm, crisp, very juicy, and pleasantly acid. Cells, roundish obovate; axile.
An excellent cooking apple; in use from October till March.
Horrex's Pearmain. See Foulden Pearmain.