This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, large; roundish ovate, and irregular in its outline, being much bossed on the sides, and knobbed about the eye and the stalk. Skin, smooth, dull greenish yellow where shaded, and strewed with minute russety dots, but washed with dull red next the sun, and dotted with black dots. Eye, small and closed, placed in an angular and plaited basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, long, funnelshaped. Stalk, short, deeply imbedded in an angular cavity. Flesh, white, firm, crisp, sweet, briskly and pleasantly flavoured. Cells, ovate; axile, slit.
A valuable culinary apple of first-rate quality, and not unsuitable for the dessert, where a brisk and poignant-flavoured apple is preferred; it is in use from November to March. The tree is an excellent bearer.
This is extensively grown about Lancaster; and is said to have originated at the village of Hutton, in that vicinity.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, by two inches and a quarter high; roundish, somewhat flattened, and slightly angular. Skin, smooth, pale yellowish green, tinged with dull reddish brown, and thickly dotted with green dots on the shaded side, but fine lively red, mottled and speckled with yellow spots, on the side exposed to the sun. Eye, small and closed, set in a rather deep and knobbed basin. Stamens, marginal or median; tube, conical or funnel-shaped. Stalk, short, thick, and fleshy, inserted in a pretty deep cavity. Flesh, greenish white, tender, and crisp, abounding in a rich, brisk, vinous, and aromatic juice, which, at this season, is particularly refreshing. Cells, obovate; axile, open.
An early dessert apple of the finest quality. It is ripe during the first week in August, and lasts all through that month. It is a most beautiful, and certainly one of the most excellent summer apples, possessing all the rich flavour of some of the winter varieties, with the abundant and refreshing juice of the summer fruits. Like most of the summer apples it is in greatest perfection when eaten from the tree, which is hardy, vigorous, and an abundant bearer.
Irish Pitcher. See Manks Codlin.
Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, by two inches and a half high; oblong, somewhat five-sided, with five ribs which extend from the base to the apex, where they run into the eye, forming five prominent ridges. Skin, yellowish green, strewed with minute russety dots on the shaded side; but dull brownish red, almost entirely covered with large patches of dull leaden coloured russet, on the side exposed to the sun. Eye, small and closed, placed in a ribbed and plaited basin. Stalk, short, inserted in a round, deep, and even cavity. Flesh, greenish yellow, firm, crisp, and very juicy, with a brisk and poignant acid juice.
A valuable culinary apple; in use from November to February.
It is much cultivated about Lancaster, and in the county of Westmoreland, where it is highly esteemed.