Iron Pin

Fruit, small, two inches and a quarter wide, and two inches and three-quarters high; conical, even and regular in its outline. Skin, quite smooth, shining, bright grass-green, with a brownish tinge next the sun, and thinly strewed with minute russet dots. Eye, closed, set on the apex of the fruit, surrounded with several plaits. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, slender, half an inch long, inserted in a very shallow cavity. Flesh, white, greenish under the skin, tender, and agreeably flavoured. Cells, elliptical; abaxile.

A cooking apple, which keeps in good condition to January and February. It appears to be a Dorsetshire apple, and was sent me by Mr. C. T. Hall, Osmington Lodge, Weymouth.

Ironstone. See Winter Greening.

Isle Of Wight Pippin (Me of Wight Orange; Orange Pippin; Pomme d'Orange; Englese Oranje Appel)

Fruit, small, two inches wide, by an inch and a half deep; globular or roundish oblate. Eye, closed, with broad acute segments, set in a shallow and plaited basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, very short, inserted in a shallow cavity. Skin, yellowish grey, sprinkled with russet, highly coloured with orange and red next the sun. Flesh, firm and juicy, with a rich and aromatic flavour. Cells, closed, oblate.

A dessert apple of first-rate quality, and also valuable as a cider fruit; it is in use from September to January.

The specific gravity of its juice is 1074.

The tree does not attain a large size, but is hardy, healthy, and an excellent bearer. It succeeds well when grafted on the paradise stock, and grown as an open dwarf, or an espalier.

This is a very old variety, and is, no doubt, the "Orange Apple" of Ray and Worlidge. According to Mr. Knight, it is by some supposed to have been introduced from Normandy to the Isle of Wight, where it was first planted in the garden at Wrexall Cottage, near the Undercliff, where it was growing in 1817. There are several other varieties of apples known by the name of "Orange" and "Orange Pippin," but they are all very inferior to this.

Isleworth Crab (Brentford Crab)

Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, by the same in height; conical. Skin, smooth, of a pale yellow colour, with a deeper tinge where exposed to the sun, and covered with small reddish brown dots. Eye, small and open, with reflexed segments, set in a round and narrow basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, slender, inserted in a deep, round and even cavity. Flesh, yellowish white, crisp, sweet, juicy, and pleasantly flavoured. Cells, roundish; axile, open.

A pretty good culinary apple of second-rate quality; in use during October; but scarcely worth cultivation.

This was raised at the Isleworth nursery of Messrs. Ronalds, of Brentford.

Izard's Kernel (Eggleton Red; Pym Square)

Fruit, below medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; round, and somewhat flattened, even and regular in its outline. Skin, smooth and shining, entirely covered with bright crimson, which is rather paler on the shaded side, and slightly mottled with the yellow ground colour. Eye, small and closed, with broad segments, and surrounded with small bosses or knobs round the margin of the basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, sometimes a mere knob on the rounded base, at others half an inch long, in a deep narrow cavity. Flesh, yellowish, tinged with red under the surface of the skin, very tender and juicy, briskly and well flavoured. Cells, obovate; axile, open; the points of the carpels are stained with red.

A cider apple, sent me by Dr. Bull, of Hereford. It was raised at Eastnor Farm, near Eastnor Castle, by Mr. Henry Izard, about the year 1839.

Jack-in-the-Wood. See Wanstall. Jerusalem. See Pigeon.