Joeby Crab

Fruit, small, about two inches wide, and an inch and three-quarters high; round, somewhat flattened, and evenly shaped. Skin, almost entirely covered with deep bright crimson, except where shaded, and then it is deep yellow, with a few stains of pale crimson and broken streaks of the same colour towards the exposed side. Eye, very small and closed, set in a shallow plaited basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, conical. Stalk, sometimes a mere knob, and sometimes a quarter of an inch long, rather deeply inserted. Flesh, white, firm, and intensely acid. Cells, obovate; axile, open.

An old-fashioned cider apple, much in repute with old-fashioned Herefordshire cider-makers. This was sent to me by Dr. Bull, of Hereford.

John Apple. See Winter Greening. John Apple. See Northern Greening.

John Gidley Pearmain

Fruit, medium sized, two inches and three-quarters wide, and two inches and a quarter high; conical or Pear-main shaped, even and regular in outline, with a few ridges round the narrow crown. Skin, deep golden yellow, with a pale red cheek on the sun side, which is marked with broken stripes of dark bright crimson; the whole surface is sparingly sprinkled with russet dots. Eye, small and closed, with erect segments, set in a narrow and plaited basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, short, and almost quite imbedded in the deep round cavity, sometimes with a swelling on one side of it. Flesh, yellow, tender, juicy, sweet, with a rich flavour and high aroma. Cells, obovate; axile, open.

* Hist. Plant., ii. 1447.

† Hortorum, p. 522.

‡ Hist., p. 1043.

A delicious dessert apple, which will keep till March.

This was raised from Cornish Gilliflower by Mr. John Gidley, town clerk of Exeter, and was sent to me by Messrs. Lucombe, Pince & Co., nurserymen of that city, in 1876.

Jolly Beggar

Fruit, about medium size, two inches and a half wide, and two inches high; roundish oblate, with connivent segments. Skin, pale yellow, with an orange tinge next the sun, and strewed with russet dots. Eye, with connivent segments, set in a plaited basin. Stamens, marginal; tube, conical. Stalk, half an inch long, set in a deep, very wide cavity. Flesh, white, tender, juicy, sweet, briskly and pleasantly flavoured. Cells, obovate; abaxile.

A first-rate early cooking apple from August till October. The great merit of this variety is its great fertility, the small bush trees producing an abundance of fine yellow fruit. The tree bears very early, and is one of the most useful for garden culture.


Fruit, about medium size, two inches and a quarter to two and a half wide, and the same high; conical, even and regular in its outline. Skin, very much covered with bright red, splashed and streaked with darker red and deep yellow, stained with red on the shaded side, the whole strewed with large russet dots. Eye, closed, with short convergent segments, set in a narrow basin, which is ribbed and plaited. Stamens, median; tube, funnel-shaped. Stalk, three-quarters to an inch long, slender, inserted in a round, even cavity. Flesh, yellowish, tender, juicy, sweet, and briskly flavoured. Cells, obovate; axile, slit.

A very fine dessert apple; in use from December to April. It was brought to my notice by Mr. Rivers, of Sawbridgeworth; and a few fruit which he gave me I wrapped in tissue paper, and they kept well till the end of June.

This is an American variety, and originated on the farm of Mr. Philip Rick, of Kingston, New York.

Jones's Southampton Pippin. See Golden Winter Pearmain, Josephine. See Reinette Blanche d'Espagne. Jubilee Pippin. See Blancd's Jubilee.