Breda (Amande Aveline; Aveline; Ananas; De Hollande; Has-seltwumandtl; Noisette)

Fruit, below medium size or small, roundish, compressed on the sides, in some cases so much as to be of a four-sided shape; divided on one side by a deep suture, which extends from the base to the apex, where it terminates in a depression. Skin, deep orange on the shaded side, but deep dull reddish orange, dotted with brown and red dots, on the side next the sun. Stalk, deeply inserted in a narrow cavity. Flesh, deep orange, tender, juicy, rich, and highly flavoured, separating freely from the stone. Stone, small, smooth, and more round than that of any other variety, and without any pervious channel on the back. Kernel, sweet, like that of a hazel nut.

An excellent early apricot, ripe on walls from the beginning to the middle of August; but on standards, which bear well in sheltered situations, it does not ripen till September. The tree is a good grower, with pretty strong shoots.

There is a diversity of opinion among pomologists as to what is the true Breda Apricot. It is evident that the variety here described is not the Breda of Miller and other authors of the last century; nor is it that which is still grown in nurseries at the present lime, for both Roman and Brussels are to be found under the name of Breda. Knoop says the Breda Apricot is large, and sometimes larger than the Bois-le-Duc, which is the largest of all apricots. It cannot, therefore, be the same as this. In the Horticultural Tour of the Committee of the Caledonian Horticultural Society it is stated, when treating of the horticulture of Breda, "The Breda Apricot is well known and highly esteemed in Scotland, both on account of its large size and fine flavour, etc." The only conclusion I can come to therefore is, that the large apricot described by Miller, and which was cultivated in the gardens of this country for Breda, was either the Brussels or Orange. The Abricot de Hollande which I now describe has long been cultivated as the true Breda.

Brown Masculine. See Red Masculine.


Fruit, medium sized, rather oval, flattened on the sides, marked with a suture, which is deep at the base, but diminishes at the apex. Skin, pale yellow, dotted with white on the shaded side, but red, interspersed with dark spots, next the sun. Flesh, yellow, firm, brisk flavoured, and separating freely from the stone. Stone, small, impervious on the back. Kernel, bitter.

A good hardy variety, ripe in the middle of August, but the fruit must not be allowed to become too ripe, as it is then pasty.

The tree is a free grower and an excellent bearer. It is the best to cultivate as a standard, and in favourable situations it produces fruit of finer flavour than when grown against a wall; but then it is a fortnight later.

Canino Grosso

A fine large apricot, ripening at the same time as Royal. The tree is very robust.

Common. See Roman. Crotté. See Montgamet.

De Hollande. See Breda, De Nancy. See Peach.