Musch Musch (d'Alexandrie)

Fruit, small, almost round, and slightly compressed, marked with a deep suture on one side. Skin, deep orange, tinged with red on the side exposed to the sun, and pale yellow where shaded. Flesh, orange, very tender and delicate, juicy, rich, sweet, and perfumed, and so translucent as to show the appearance of the stone through it, and from which it separates freely. Stone, roundish and flattened, with a sharp ridge on the side. Kernel, sweet.

This is a very sweet apricot; ripe in the end of July. The tree is a free grower, but delicate on account of its early vegetation, which exposes it to the effects of spring frosts. It is distinguished from every other variety by its greenish fawn-coloured shoots and its small pointed leaves. It requires a warm, sheltered situation.

This variety is said by some to take its name from Musch, a town on the frontiers of Turkey; but Regnier, in the Magazin Eneyclopédique for November, 1815, says when he was in Egypt he saw small dried apricots, which were brought by the inhabitants from the Oasis, which were called Mich-mich. These were in all probability the variety now called Musch Musch. It was known to Duhamel, but it is not described by him, as its cultivation was unsuccessful in the neighbourhood of Paris, on account of its early blooming and suffering from the spring frosts.

Musqué Hatif. See Red Masculine.

New Large Early

Fruit, larger than Breda, about the size of Royal Apricot, oval. Skin, white, like Sardinian. Flesh, very rich, and with a sweet, honied juice.

This is the earliest of all apricots, and ripens in an orchard house about the 20th of June.

It was raised from Augoumois by Mr. Rivers, of Sawbridgeworth, and first fruited in 1873.

Noir. See Black.

Noisette. See Breda.

Oldaker's Moorpark. See Moorpark.

Orange (Early Orange; Persian; Royal Persian; Royal George; Royal Orange)

Fruit, above medium size, roundish, one side swelling more than the other. Skin, pale orange in the shade; deep orange, tinged with red, next the sun. Suture, well defined, deep towards the stalk. Flesh, deep orange, firm, and adhering to the stone, which is small, smooth, thick, and impervious. Kernel, sweet.

Ripe in the middle of August.

Oullins Early Peach (Pêche Hatif d'Oullins)

This is an early form of the Peach Apricot, of large size, most delicious flavour, and ripens three weeks earlier. The tree is a great bearer.

This was raised at Oullins, near Lyons. Du Pape. See Black.

Peach (Pêche; Gros Pêche; Be Nancy; De Wirtemherg; Royal Peach)

Fruit, large, oval, and flattened, marked with a deep suture at the base, which gradually diminishes towards the apex. Skin, pale yellow on the shaded side, and with a slight tinge of red next the sun. Flesh, reddish yellow, very delicate, juicy, and sugary, with a rich and somewhat musky flavour. Stone, large, flat, rugged, and pervious along the back. Kernel, bitter.

Ripe in the end of August and beginning of September.

This is not the Abricot Pêche of Duhamel, that being our White Masculine; but the Abricot Pêche of Bretonnerie and Schabol.

I regard the Peach Apricot and the Moorpark as distinct varieties, but they are so similar in all essential points that they may for all practical purposes be considered identical. There is no doubt, as nurserymen know, that while the Moorpark may be budded freely on the common plum, the Peach Apricot requires the Brussels, Brompton, and Damas Noir stocks.

Forsyth says the Peach Apricot was brought to this country by the Duke of Northumberland in 1767; but Switzer, writing in 1724, speaks of "a very large kind of apricock that is cultivated at Woolhampton, Berkshire, as big as a large peach, and is there called the French Apricock."

The Peach Apricot is supposed to have originated at Nancy, but at what period is unknown. It is not mentioned in the Jardinier Francais of 1653, nor in any of the editions of De la Quintinye. The earliest record of it among continental writers is by Roger Schabol.

Peche Tardif is a late form of Peach Apricot, to which it is quite similar, and ripens a fortnight later.

Peche. See Peach.

Peche Hatif d'Oullins. See Oullins Early Peach.

Persian. See Orange.