BÜTtner's Yellow (Büttner's Gelbe Knorpelkirsche; Büttner's Wachslcnorpelkirsche; Jaune de Büttner; Wachsknorpclkirsche)

Fruit, medium sized, roundish heart-shaped, flattened at the stalk and on one side, and a little indented at the apex. Skin, clear pale yellow, and without any tinge of red, but if it hangs long on the tree it becomes brownish spotted. Stalk, stout, from an inch and a half to two inches long, inserted almost even with the fruit. Flesh, pale, very firm, but juicy, and of a sweet and particularly rich flavour. Stone, rather small, roundish ovate, and separates freely.

It is the best of all the yellow cherries, and well deserving of cultivation. It ripens in the middle and end of July. The tree is very healthy, vigorous, and hardy, succeeds well as a standard, and is a regular and abundant bearer. It was raised by Büttner, of Halle, and introduced in 1803.

Carnation (Crown; English Bearer of some; Grosse Cerise Rouge Pale; de Villenne; de Villennes Ambré; Griottier Rouge Pále; Nouvelle d'Angleterre; Rouge d' Orange; de Portugal; Rothe Oranien-kirsche; Oranienkirsche; Holländischekirsche; Fleischfarhigrnhirsche; Allendorfen Kirsche; Brusselsche Bathe oder Orangen; Prinzenkirsche, d'Orange; Rouge de Bruxelles; Weisse Malvasierkirsche)

Fruit, large, round, and flattened, inclining to oblate. Skin, thin, separating freely from the flesh, glossy, light red at first, but becoming of a deeper colour as it hangs, and of a pale yellow or amber colour where shaded. Stalk, from an inch and a quarter to an inch and a half long, stout, and inserted in a shallow depression. Flesh, white, yellowish, tender, juicy, with a sweet and richly flavoured juice. The stone is of medium size, almost round, and separates freely from the flesh.

This is a most excellent and richly flavoured cherry. It is ripe in the end of July. The tree is hardy and healthy, and moderately vigorous, but not a good bearer. This may account for a variety of such excellence being so little cultivated. This is an old complaint against it, for Switzer says: "It is no extraordinary bearer. However, one or two ought to be planted for its charming variety."

This is one of the oldest cherries now found in our collections. It is first mentioned by Rea in 1665. and is subsequently enumerated in Meager's List With all our pomological authors it has been a commended variety, but it is not noticed by Miller.

Cerise Bouquet. See Cluster.

Cerise Doucette. See Belle de Choisy.

Cerise Tardive. See All Saints.

Cerisier de la Toussaint. See All Saints.

Cerisier Pleureur. See All Saints.

Cherry Duke of Duhamel. Sae Jeffreys' Duke.

Chevreuse Male. See Cluster.


A small or medium-sized Red Heart Cherry, of a pale red colour, somewhat mottled. Stalk, about two inches long, green, and slender. Flesh, very tender, and with a brisk flavour.

This was raised by Mr. Charles Downing, of Newburg, U.S.A.