Churchill's Heart

Fruit, large, heart-shaped. Skin, shining, of a clear waxen pale yellow on the shaded side, but where exposed to the sun, of a bright red, mottled with dark red and orange. Stalk, two inches long, inserted in a shallow depression. Flesh, pale yellow, firm, sweet, and richly flavoured, but not very juicy.

An excellent cherry, but now little cultivated. It ripens in the middle and end of July. The tree is hardy, and a good bearer, succeeds well as a standard, and in the estimation of Rogers is well adapted for orchard planting.

Circassian. See Black Tartarian.

Cleveland Bigarreau (Cleveland)

Large, obtuse heart-shaped, sometimes with a swelling on one side near the stalk. Skin, pale yellow, with bright red next the sun, and mottled with crimson. Stalk, two inches long. Flesh, yellowish white, half-tender, juicy, sweet, and richly flavoured.

A very excellent cherry. Ripe the third or last week in June and early in July.

Cluster (à Bouquet; a Trochet of Noisette, but not of Duhamel; Trauben Amarelle; Klüftchenskirsche; Traubenkirsche; Bouquetkirsche; Troschkirsche; Büscherkirsche; Busch Weichsel; Flandrische Weichsel; Chevreuse Male; Troskerskirsche; Flanders Cluster)

Fruit, produced in clusters at the extremity of one common stalk, round, flattened at the stalk. Skin, thin, of a pale red at first, but changing the longer it hangs to dark red. Flesh, white, tender, and juicy, at first very acid, but becoming milder as it hangs on the tree. Stone, small, round, and a little compressed. It ripens in the end of July.

This is cultivated more as an object of curiosity than for any real value it possesses. If of use at all the only purpose it is fit for is baking or preserving. It is in all respects very similar to the Kentish, except in the singular position of the fruit on the stalk. This is caused by the flowers containing several distinct styles; more or less of these are fertilised and produce a corresponding number of fruit. In some cases the fruit is single, but varies to six in a cluster. This is a very old variety, being known to Parkinson in 1629, by whom it was called the Flanders Cluster Cherry.

Some confusion has arisen between this variety and the Cerisier à Trochet of Duhamel, by Noisette adopting the nomenclature of the latter in his description of this, and hence the synonyms of the Cerisier à Trochet have been applied to the Cluster Cherry. The Cerisier à Trochet of Duhamel is a distinct variety, known also by the name of Très Fertile, and it is the Straussweichsel of Truchsess.

Coe's Late Carnation

Medium sized, roundish. Skin, reddish yellow, clouded and mottled with bright red. Stalk, two inches long. Flesh, tender, juicy, with a brisk sub-acid flavour, becoming mellowed the longer it hangs.

Ripe from the middle to the end of August; and continues to hang till September.

Coeur de Pigeon. See Belle de Rocmont. Common Red. See Kentish.