This section is from the book "The Fruit Manual: Containing The Descriptions And Synonyms Of The Fruits And Fruit Trees Of Great Britain", by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual.
Fruit, rather below the medium size, roundish, heart-shaped, marked on one side with a suture. Skin, deep shining black. Stalk, slender, two inches long, inserted in a deep, round, and narrow cavity. Flesh, dark purple, very firm, sweet, and well-flavoured.
Ripe in the end of July and beginning of August.
A very good small cherry for orchard planting, being produced in great quantities, and on account of the firmness of its flesh capable of being transmitted to a distance without injury, but as a desirable variety for general purposes it cannot bear comparison with many others in cultivation. About the end of July it is found in enormous quantities in almost all the market towns of this country under the various names of Corone, Mazzard, and Merries, although these two latter names are also applicable to other varieties. In Ellis's "Agriculture Improved," for July, 1745, there is a long account of the Corone Cherry, part of which is as follows: - "At Gaddesden we were in a great measure strangers to this cherry thirty years ago; for I believe I may be positive of it that I was the first who introduced this cherry into our parish about the year 1725, not but that it was growing in a few other places in Hertfordshire before then, as at Northchurch, a village situate in the extremest western part of that county, where this fruit grew on standard trees in orchards, and brought great profit to their planters and owners, because in that time the Kerroon cherry was scarce and rare." It is much grown in the counties of Buckingham and Hertford.
Fruit, large, roundish heart-shaped, broad at the stalk, rather flattened, and marked with a faint suture on one side. Skin, bright cornelian red, and shining, becoming darker red when quite ripe. The stalk is one inch and a half to one inch and three-quarters long, inserted in a wide and deep depression. Flesh, tender and succulent, with the May Duke flavour.
This is a fine large cherry, ripening about the same time as the May Duke, and well worth cultivating.
Large, roundish, and flattened. Skin, thin and translucent fine rich amber-coloured, quite covered with mottling of crimson. Stalk, two inches long. Flesh, pale yellow, translucent, tender, juicy, sweet, and with a rich, delicious flavour.
A very excellent cherry; ripe in the middle of July.
De Portugal. See Carnation.
Fruit, medium sized, obtuse heart-shaped, a little flattened, and pitted at the apex, somewhat uneven on one side and marked with a slight suture on the other. Skin, dark red. Stalk, short, about an inch or a little more in length, and inserted in a deep cavity. Flesh, reddish, tender, and juicy, with a brisk and pleasant sub-acid flavour.
A good cherry for culinary purposes, ripe in the middle and end of July. The tree is a free and erect grower, but an indifferent bearer.
De St. Martin. See All Saints. De Villenne. See Carnation. De Villenne Ambré. See Carnation. Doctor. See American Doctor. Donna Maria. See Royal Duke. Doppelte Natte. See Double Natte. Double Glass. See Great Cornelian.