Early Rivers

Fruit, produced in clusters of ten or twelve, two to four being on one peduncle; large, nearly an inch in diameter, roundish heart-shaped, somewhat uneven and indented on the surface, marked with a faint suture, and slightly pitted on the apex, where there is a deep style-point. Skin, shining deep black. Stalk, an inch and three-quarters long, rather slender, green, and with a small, rather deeply-imbedded disk. Flesh, very tender, sweet, and agreeably flavoured. Stone, extremely small.

A very excellent cherry; ripe in the end of June. The tree is an abundant bearer.

This is a seedling, raised by Mr. Rivers from Early Purple Gean. The tree first produced fruit in 1869, and it received a First Class Certificate from the Royal Horticultural Society in 1872.

Elkhorn. See Tradescant's Heart.


Fruit, large, handsomely heart-shaped. Skin, pale waxen yellow on the shaded side, but beautifully mottled and dotted with bright red on the exposed side. Stalk, pretty stout, from two to two and a quarter inches long, set in a shallow depression. Flesh, pale, more tender than firm, juicy, sweet, and of a very rich flavour. Stone, medium sized, ovate.

A very valuable and deliciously flavoured cherry; ripe in the beginning and middle of July.

The tree is a strong and vigorous grower, hardy, healthy, and an excellent bearer. It succeeds well either as a standard or against a wall. The leaves are very long, more so than those of the Bigarreau, and hang down. The flowers are also of large size.

This variety was raised in 1806, by T. A. Knight, Esq., from the Bigarreau or Graffion, impregnated with the White Heart.

Empress Eugenie (lmpératrice Eugénie)

Fruit, large, roundish, inclining to oblate, marked on one side by a deep suture, which terminates at the apex in a long grey style-point. Skin, thin, bright red, changing to dark purplish red. Flesh, pretty firm, very juicy, sweet, sugary, and with a fine refreshing acidity.

A very fine form of May Duke, ripening a week earlier than that variety.

It originated in a vineyard at Belleville, near Paris, where it was discovered by M. Varenne, and it was first propagated by M. A. Gonthier in 1855.

English Bearer. See Carnation. Englische Schwarze. See Corone. Flanders Cluster. See Cluster. Flandrische Weichsel. See Cluster. Fleischfarbigen Kirsche. See Carnation.


Some pomologists have fallen into the mistake of regarding this cherry as synonymous with Gros Gobet; others think it the same as the Kentish. The latter is nearer the truth; but the Kentish and Flemish are decidedly different. The fruit of the two is somewhat similar; but the trees of the Flemish are less drooping than those of the Kentish, and the fruit is smaller, and about eight or ten days later. Any one who examines the two varieties as they are grown in the Kentish orchards will see at once that the varieties are different.