II. Griottes Cherries

Branches, either upright, spreading, or more or less long, slender, and drooping. Leaves, flat, dark green, glabrous underneath, and borne stiffly on the leaf stalks; largo and broad in §, and small and narrow in §§. Flowers in pedunculate umbels, cup-shaped, with firm, stiff, and crumpled orbicular petals. Fruit, round or oblate, sometimes, as in the Morello, inclining to heart-shaped. Juice, sub-acid or acid.

§ Branches upright, occasionally spreading. Leaves large and broad, * Flesh dark; juice coloured. - Black Dukes.

Archduke Buttner's October Duchesse de Palluau Empress Eugenie Jeffrey's Duke

May Duke Nouvelle Royale Royal Duke De Soissons

** Flesh pale; juice uncoloured. - Red Dukes.

Abesse d'Oignies

Belle de Choisy

Belle Magnifique


Coe's Late Carnation


Great Cornelian Late Duke Planchoury Reine Hortense Tomato Transparent

§§ Branches long, slender, and drooping. Leaves small and narrow. * Flesh dark; juice coloured. - Black Morellos.

Double Natte Early May Griotte de Chaux Griotte Imperiale Griotte de Kleparow


Morello de Charmeux



Shannon Morello

** Flesh pale; juice uncoloured. - Red Morellos or Kentish.

All Saints



Gros Gobet



A Bouquet. See Cluster.

Abesse D'Oignies

Fruit, large and round, like a large Late Duke, and somewhat inclined to oblate. Skin, bright cornelian red, with sometimes a russety patch or amber-coloured mottle about the apex. Stalk, green, short, and very stout, little more than an inch long. Flesh, half tender, with a briskly acid flavour. Stone, large and coarse.

A second-rate cherry of the Red Duke class. It is a large and showy fruit, but not superior or equal to Belle Magnifique, which belongs to the same class.

Adams's Crown (Adams's Crown Heart)

Fruit, medium-sized, obtuse heart-shaped, and slightly compressed on the side, marked with a shallow suture. Skin, pale red, mottled with yellow. Stalk, two inches long, inserted in a rather deep cavity. Flesh, white, tender, juicy, and richly flavoured.

An excellent early cherry, allied to the White Heart. It is ripe the first week in July. The tree is an excellent bearer, and well suited for orchard planting.

It is extensively grown in the orchards about Rainham, Sittingbourne, and Faversham, for the supply of the London markers. It is not a very old variety, as I have met with old people about Sittingbourne who recollect when it was first introduced. It is said to have been raised by a person of the name of Adams in that neighbourhood.

Adams's Crown Heart. See Adams's Crown, Allendorfer Kirsche. See Carnation. Allerheiligen. See All Saints.

All Saints (Cerisier de la Toussaint; De St. Martin; Allerheili-f/en; Statsblühenderkirsche; Immerblühende; Octoberkirsche; St. Mar~ tins-weichsel; Zwillwgskirsche; Monats Weichsel; Grünekirsche; Cerisier pleureur; St. Martin's Amarelle; Monats marelle Cerise tardive; Tardive a Bouquet; Autumn-bearing Cluster; Marbozuf; Guignier à rameaux pendants; Tardif à grappes; Weeping Cherry)

Fruit, small, oblate, slightly compressed on the side, which is marked with a shallow suture. Skin, bright red, becoming dark red as it hangs. Stalk, two inches long. Flesh, white, reddish near the stone, juicy, and acid.

A variety of cherry which is grown more for curiosity and ornament than for its fruit. It is Cerasus semperflorens of Decandolle.

Amarelle du Nord. See Ratafia.