Hogg's Black Gean

Fruit, medium sized, obtuse heart-shaped. Skin, black and shining. Stalk, an inch and a half long. Flesh, dark, very lender, richly flavoured, and very sweet.

Ripe in the beginning of July.

Hogg's Red Gean

Fruit, medium sized, roundish, inclining to heart-shaped. Skin, red, freckled with amber yellow. Stalk, an inch and a half long. Flesh, yellowish, very tender and juicy, sweet, and richly flavoured.

Ripe in the beginning of July.

Hollandische Grosse. See Bigarreau de Hollande.

Hollandischekirsche. See Carnation.

Hungarian Gean

Fruit, rather below the medium size, obtuse heart-shaped. Skin, amber-coloured, mottled with red on the side exposed to the sun. Flesh, half-tender, whitish, tolerably sweet and tender. Stone, large and ovate.

A variety of second-rate quality; ripe in July. The tree succeeds well as a standard, and is an abundant bearer.

Hybrid de Laeken. See Reine Hortense.

Impératrice Eugénie. See Empress Eugenie.

Indulle. See Early May.

Italian Heart. See Bigarreau.

Jaune de Büttner. See Büttner's Yellow.

Jeffreys' Duke (Cherry Duke of Duhamel; Jeffreys' Royal; Jeffreys' Royal Caroon; Royale; Königliche Weichselbaum der Chery Duke; Königliche Sussweichsel)

Fruit, about medium size, smaller than the May Duke, round, and flattened at both ends. Skin, of a fine deep red, which changes to very dark red the longer it hangs. Stalk, about an inch and a half long, inserted in a shallow cavity. Flesh, pale red, tender, very juicy, sweet, and richly flavoured.

An excellent cherry of first-rate quality. It is in season at the same time as the May Duke, but instead of being acid it is quite sweet before attaining its dark colour. Ripe the beginning and middle of July.

The tree is peculiar in its growth, being of a very compact and upright habit, and never makes much wood in a season; the shoots are very short, and thickly set with bloom buds. It succeeds well either as a standard or against a wall, and is an abundant bearer.

It is said by Mr. Lindley that this variety was introduced by Jeffreys, of the Brompton Park Nursery, who died in 1785. The first notice I find of it, in the catalogues of that nursery, is in 1785, from which time it is called Royal and New Royal, except in one instance in 1790, when it is entered as Jeffreys' Seedling. In Miller & Sweet's catalogue for 1790 it is called Jeffreys' fine new seedling.

Jeffreys' Royal Caroon. See Jeffreys' Duke.


Fruit, large and handsome, somewhat obtusely heart-shaped, compressed on the sides, and deeply indented at the apex. Skin, shining, of a deep brownish black colour. Stalk, two inches long. Flesh, dark brownish red, tender, juicy, rich, and sweet.

Ripe in the middle of July.


Fruit, large, roundish heart-shaped, and compressed on the sides. Skin, of a fine amber yellow, considerably mottled with deep glossy red. Flesh, yellowish white, firm, juicy, rich, and sweet.

Ripe in the beginning and middle of August.