Nodvelle Royale

Fruit, large, much more so than the May Duke, but similar to it in shape, and somewhat uneven in its outline. Skin, red at first, but becoming quite black the longer it hangs. Stalk, an inch and a quarter to an inch and a half long. Flesh, tender, juicy, and with the flavour of the May Duke.

This is a late Duke cherry, well worthy of a place in every collection; it ripens in the end of July, and the tree has a fine compact pyramidal habit.

Ochsenherzkirsche. See Ox Heart. Octoberkirsche. See All Saints.

Ohio Beauty

Fruit, large, obtuse heart-shaped. Skin, pale yellow, overspread with red. Flesh, pale, tender, brisk, and juicy. Ripe in the beginning of July.

Oranienkirsche. See Carnation.


Fruit, above medium size, heart-shaped, and. with a deep suture on one side. Skin, dark purplish red, almost black. Stalk, about two inches long. Flesh, liver-coloured, tender, very juicy, rich, and sweet.

Ripe in the middle and end of July.

Ostheim (Ostheimer Kirsche; Ostheimer Weichsel)

Fruit, large, round, flattened at both ends, and very slightly compressed on the side. Skin, dark red, changing as it ripens to dark purplish red. Stalk, from an inch and a half to two inches long, placed in a wide and shallow depression. Flesh, dark red, tender, juicy, with a pleasant, sweet, and sub-acid flavour. Stone, small, roundish oval.

An excellent preserving cherry, not so acid as the Morello; it is ripe the end of July. The tree forms a thick, bushy head, with long, slender, and pendulous shoots; it is an abundant bearer, and better suited for a dwarf than a standard.

Ostheimer Kirsche. See Ostheim. Ostheimer Weichsel. See Ostheim. Ounce Cherry. See Tobacco-leaved.

Ox Heart (Lion's Heart; Bullock's Heart; Ochsenhcrzkirsche)

Fruit, large, obtuse heart-shaped, flattened on one side, which is marked with a suture. Skin, shining, dark purplish red. Stalk, two inches long, placed in a shallow depression. Flesh, somewhat firm, dark red, with a brisk and pleasant flavour, which is considerably richer when the fruit is highly ripened. Stone, roundish oval.

A large, handsome, and very excellent cherry; it ripens in the end of July.

Paramdam (Baramdam)

Small and round, not quite half an inch in diameter. Skin, pale red. Stalk, an inch long. Flesh, pale, tender, with an agreeable and lively acidity.

It ripens in the end of July. The tree is of very diminutive growth; one in my possession, not less than 100 years old, being little more than seven feet high, and the stem not so thick as a man's arm.

This is a variety of the native Cerasus vulgaris. It was first brought to my notice by a reference to Hitt's "Treatise of Fruit Trees." and on application to my friend, the late Rev. Henry Manton, of Sleaford, he was so good as to procure me trees from the very holt to which Hitt refers in the following account of it : -

"I have near Sleaford in Lincolnshire met with a different kind of cherry to any of the former; it is called the Baramdam. which is the name of the place where it grows, in a perfect wild manner, so that not any one can give account of thejr being planted. Mr. Pattison, the proprietor of the land, and present inhabitant, is now (1755) about sixty years of age, who told me their number was greatly increased in his time; and he further added that, the same land had been the property of his father and grandfather, both of whom he knew very well, but neither of them was ever able to give him any account of its being planted. And I am by just reasons prompt to say there is no marks of art in any part of the Holt, but they increase by suckers like black thorns, and hear upon as small bushes. I have more than once curiously examined them; for, soon after the time that I first saw them, I entered into a contract with the right honourable Lord Robert Manners, which engaged me to reside the greatest part of my time at Bloxholme, which is no more than five miles from Baramdam. I have got some plants of the kind under my care, which thrive well and bear plentifully; though before I saw the original Holt, I had been told they would not thrive in any other place; but I find them quite to the contrary, for they will grow and bear upon moist spungy land, where other cherries will not live long. This I have seen near Ancaster, where I bought some young plants, and there was a larger tree in that ground than any one at Baramdam; it was quite healthy and free from moss, notwithstanding its roots were in water the greatest part of the year.

"They will root well the first year of laying, and I think that the best way to propagate them; for the common kinds made use of for stocks are not so-good, being subject to make strong downright roots, whereas these are very fibrous, and grow very near the surface.

"I have propagated the Duke Cherry upon them, and it is not so subject to blights as it is upon the wild black or red, though it does not make so strong shoots; but I think it is the better for that, for dwarfs or espaliers.

"The trees upon their own roots never grow to be large ones, and the leaves are small and smooth, and are of a bright colour; the young shoots are small, much like those of the Morella, and bear their fruit like them, the greatest part of which ripens in August, and but few in July.

" It is a middle sized round cherry, of a red colour, and its taste is not quite so sweet as some others; though it is not a sour cherry, yet it has some little flavour of bitter in it, like the wild black."

Petit Cerise Rond Précoce. See Early May.

Petit Cerise Ptouge Précoce. See Early May.

De Palembre. See Belle de Choky.

Pie Cherry. See Kentish.

Planchoury. See Belle Magnifique.