Fruit, large, obtuse heart-shaped, compressed on the-sides. Skin, dark purplish red, nearly black. Stalk, an inch and a half to two inches long. Flesh, purplish red, half-tender, juicy, sweet, and agreeable.

It ripens in the latter end of July.

Portugal Duke. See May Duke.


Fruit, medium sized, roundish heart-shaped, compressed on the sides, uneven in its outline. Skin, brownish red and glossy. Stalk, two inches long. Flesh, rich purplish red, half-tender, juicy, sweet, but not highly flavoured.

It ripens in the end of July.

Princesse de Hollande. See Bigarreau de Hollande.

Quatre à la Livre. See Tobacco-leaved.

Ratafia (Brunede Bruxclles; Ratafia Weichsel; Brusseler Braune; Brussehche Bruyn)

Fruit, medium sized, round, and a little flattened on both sides, marked with a very faint suture on one side. Skin, dark brown, nearly black, and very shining. Stalk, an inch and a half to two inches long, placed in a shallow depression. Flesh, dark red, tender and juicy, with a briskly acid flavour, but which it loses and becomes richer the longer the fruit hangs on the tree. Stone, medium sized, ovate, and adhering closely to the flesh.

This variety ripens in August. It has a close resemblance to the Morello, but is much smaller, and is used for the same purposes. The tree forms a close round head with slender, pendulous shoots, and is an excellent bearer.

Ratafia Weichsel. See Ratafia. Red Heart. See Gascoigne.

Red Jacket

Fruit, large, heart-shaped. Skin, amber, covered with pale red, but when fully exposed entirely covered with bright red. Stalk, two inches long, slender. Flesh, half-tender, juicy, and of good, but not high, flavour.

Ripe in the beginning and middle of August. It is valuable for its lateness.

Reine Hortense (D'Aremberg; Belle Audigeoise; Belle de Bavay; Belle de Laeken; Belle de Prapeau; Belle de Petit Brie; Belle Supreme; Grosse de Wagnelée; Guigne Noire de Strass; Hybrid de Laeken; Louis XVIII.; Lemercier; De Meruer; Merveille de Hol-lande; Monstrueuse de Bavay; Monstrueuse de Jodoigne; Morestein; Heine Hortense Larose; Rouvroy; Seize à la Livre)

Fruit, very large, one inch and one-twelfth long and an inch wide, oblong, and compressed on the sides. Skin, very thin and translucent, at first pale red, but assuming a bright cornelian red, and changing to dark brilliant red the longer it hangs. Stalk, very slender, about two inches long. Flesh, yellow, netted, very tender, and very juicy, with a sweet and agreeably acidulous juice.

A very excellent cherry of first-rate quality; it ripens in the middle and end of July.

The tree is a free and vigorous grower and an excellent bearer. It was raised in 1832 by M. Larose, a nurseryman at Neuilly, near Paris, and first produced fruit in 1838.


Fruit, below medium size, obtuse heart-shaped, uneven in its outline, flattened on one side, and marked with a distinct suture. Skin, black. Stalk, an inch and a half long, slender. Flesh, firm and crackling, sweet, and richly flavoured.

A very late small black Bigarreau, in use till the end of August and beginning of September. It hangs as late as Belle Agathe. The tree is a profuse bearer.