Fruit, above medium size, obtuse heart-shaped, flattened on one side. Skin, reddish purple, or dark brownish red, mottled with red. Flesh, reddish purple, half-tender, very juicy and sweet, but not highly flavoured.

Ripe in the middle and end of August, and is valuable as a late variety.

Thompson's Duke. See May Duke.

Tobacco-Leaved (Ounce Cherry; Four-to-the-Pound; Quatre la Livre; Bigarreautier Tardif Feuilles de Tabac; Bigarreautier Grandes Feuilles; Bigarreau Tardif; Guignier Feuilles de Tabac; Vier auf ein Pfund)

Fruit, rather below medium size, heart-shaped, somewhat flattened on one side, which is marked with a fine line extending to the apex, and terminating in a curved point, such as is met with in some varieties of Peaches. Skin, tender, shining pale amber-coloured on the shaded side, but mottled and spotted with dark red on the side next the sun. Stalk, slender, two inches long, placed in a shallow cavity. Flesh, firm, pale amber-coloured, transparent, juicy, and with a sweet rich flavour. Stone, medium sized, ovate. It ripens in the beginning of August.

There is nothing for which this cherry is remarkable, except its large leaves and high-sounding name; however it came to be called "Four-to-the-Pound" would puzzle any one to imagine, but such is the name by which it was at one time known, and under which it was found in all nurserymen's catalogues. It is a very old cherry, and is evidently of English or gin, being mentioned by Parkinson as early as 1629, under the more modest designation of "Ounce Cherrie." He says, "The Ounce Cherrie hath the greatest and broadest leafe of any other Cherrie, but beareth the smallest store of Cherries everie yeare that any doth, and yet blossometh well; the fruit also is nothing answerable to the name, being not great, of a pale yellowish red, neere the colour of amber, and therefore some have called it the Amber Cherrie." There is no doubt it is this variety also which is described by Meager under the name of "Ciliegeberrylin," which he says is "as big as an indifferent apple." The Germans ascribe its introduction on the Continent to the Karl of Murray, who had a seat at Menin, in Flanders, whence it was taken into Germany by M. Seebach, colonel of an Austrian regiment of cavalry, and who received it from Lord Murray's gardener under the name of Quatre la Livre. The leaves are a foot and sometimes 18 inches long.


Fruit, very large, about an inch in diameter, roundish, and somewhat oblate, with shallow furrows on its sides like a tomato. Skin, clear red. Stalk, about an inch and a quarter long. Flesh, pale, tender, juicy, and agreeably flavoured.

A handsome cherry of the Red Duke class.

Tradescant's Heart (Elkhorn; St. Margaret's; Large Black Bigarreau; Bigarreau Gros Noir; Guigne Noire Tardive)

Fruit, of the largest size, obtuse heart-shaped, indented and uneven on its surface, and considerably flattened next the stalk on the side marked with the suture. Skin, at first dark red, but changing when fully ripe to dark blackish purple. Stalk, slender, an inch and a half to an inch and three-quarters long. Flesh, dark purple, adhering firmly to the stone, firm, sweet, and briskly sub-acid.

It ripens in the end of July and beginning of August.