Amber Gean

Fruit, below medium size, generally borne in clusters of three together, obtuse heart-shaped. Skin, thin and transparent, so as to exhibit the grain of the flesh through it, of a pale yellow or amber colour, tinged with delicate red. Stalk, slender, about one and a half inch long. Flesh, white, tender, juicy, and melting, with a rich, sweet, and delicious flavour.

An excellent cherry, but small, which is an objection to it. It ripens in the beginning of August. The tree is an abundant bearer, succeeds well as a standard, and is well suited for orchard planting. The lateness of its maturity is a recommendation to it.

Amber Heart. See White Heart.

Ambrée. See Belle de Choisy.

Ambrée a Gros Fruit. See Belle de Choisy.

Ambrée à Petits Fruits. See White Tartarian.

American Amber (Bloodgood's Amber; Bloodgood's Honey; Bloodgood's New Honey)

Fruit, medium-sized, produced in clusters of three and four together, roundish, inclining to cordate, and indented at the apex. Skin, very thin, smooth, and shining, of a clear pale yellow at first, but afterwards mottled and clouded with bright red. Stalk, an inch and a half to nearly two inches long, inserted in a narrow and shallow depression. Flesh, amber-coloured, tender, and very juicy, with a brisk but not a rich flavour.

An American cherry of only second-rate quality; ripe the middle of July.

The tree is an abundant bearer; a very strong and vigorous grower.

It was raised by Mr. Daniel Bloodgood, of Flushing, Long Island, U.S.A., and I received it first from Mr. Warren, of Boston, in 1847.

American Doctor (The Doctor)

Fruit, medium-sized, obtuse heart-shaped, marked on one side with a shallow suture. Skin, clear yellow, washed with red. Stalk, an inch and a half long. Flesh, yellowish white, tender, juicy, sweet, and richly flavoured. End of June.

I have named this "American Doctor" to distinguish it from the German "Doktorkirsche."

American Heart

Fruit, above medium size, produced in clusters; heart-shaped, and irregular in its outline, somewhat of a square figure, being in some instances almost as broad at the apex as the base. Skin, pale yellow, but changing to bright red, mixed with a little amber. Stalk, slender, nearly two inches long, inserted in a narrow and shallow cavity. Flesh, half tender, crackling, juicy, and well-flavoured.

An American cherry of second-rate quality, requiring a very favourable season to have it of good flavour.

Anglaise Tardive. See Late Duke. Angleterre Hative. See May Duke. Ansell's Fine Black. See Black Heart.

Archduke (Griotte de Portugal)

Fruit, larger than that of May Duke, nine-tenths of an inch wide, and eight-tenths deep, obtuse heart-shaped, and with a deeply-marked suture at the apex, which diminishes towards the stalk, and very slightly pitted at the apex, in which the yellow style-point is placed. Skin, thin, pale red at first, but becoming dark red, and when allowed to hang till fully ripe it is almost black. Peduncle, long. Stalk, very slender and green, an inch and a half to two inches long, deeply inserted. Flesh, deep red, very tender and juicy, sweet, and briskly flavoured; but sugary when highly ripened.

Ripe in the middle and end of July. The tree is somewhat pendulous when old.

The true Archduke Cherry was for many years very scarce, Anglaise Tardive being propagated under that name, chiefly, I believe, through its being made synonymous with that variety by some authors. I met with the true sort in the nurseries at Sawbridgeworth in 1847; and Mr. Rivers then informed me that it had been grown there by his ancestors for upwards of a century. The same variety is still propagated there. Even in Parkinson's time it was difficult to obtain it true, for he says, "Scarce one in twentie of our Nurseriemen doe sell the right, but give one for another : for it is an inherent qualitie almost hereditarie with most of them to sell any man an ordinary fruit for whatsoeuer rare fruit he shall aske for : so little they are to be trusted."

Armstrong's Bigarreau. See Bigarreau de Hollande. A Trochet. See Cluster. Autumn Bigarreau. See Belle Agathe. Baramdam. See Paramdam.