Brunswick (Bayswater; Black Naples; Brown Hamburgh; Clementine; Drap d'Or; De St. Jean; Hanover; Madonna; Large White Turkey; Red)

Very large and pyriform, oblique at the apex, which is very much depressed. Skin, greenish yellow in the shade, tinged with pale brown on the other side. Flesh, opaline, tinged with very pale flesh-colour towards the centre.

A very rich and excellent fig. Ripe in the middle of August. The tree is very hardy, but not so good a bearer as the Brown Turkey. It is, however, one of the best for outdoor cultivation against walls.

Castle Kennedy

Fruit, very large, obovate. Skin, thin, very tender, greenish yellow on the neck and towards the stalk, but pale dingy brown mottled with dull ashy grey on the widest part and towards the eye. Flesh, pale opaline, with slight stains of red round some of the seeds nearest the eye; very tender, but not richly flavoured.

A large and handsome fig, remarkable for its earliness, which is nearly three weeks earlier than White Marseilles. The fruit greatly resembles the Brunswick; but it is entirely distinct in the habit and growth of the plant. The tree is an abundant bearer.

This variety has existed for upwards of a century at Castle Kennedy, N.B., and has not yet been identified with any other sort.


Fruit, large, long, pyriform. Skin, of a pale reddish brown or grizzly colour. Flesh, deep red, and of a rich and very delicious flavour.

Chestnut-coloured Ischia. See Brown Ischia. Clementine. See Brunswick.

Col Di Signora Bianca (Lucrezia)

Fruit, medium-sized, pyriform, with a rather long neck, and marked with very distinct longitudinal ribs. Skin, thick, green, but changing to yellowish white, and covered with fine grey bloom. Stalk, short and stout. Eye, closed. Flesh, of the darkest blood-red; very thick, syrupy, and most delicious. It shrivels and dries well. One of the finest figs in cultivation.

Col Di Signora Nero

Fruit, above medium size, long pyriform, with longitudinal ribs running from the stalk towards the apex. Skin, entirely dark chocolate, covered with a thin grey bloom, and when at perfect maturity cracking into irregular markings. Eye, small and open. Flesh, very dark red throughout, like Col di Signora Bianca and Gros de Draguignan; exceedingly rich and sugary, in fact a perfect conserve. Ripens late.

Col di Signora Bianca Panachée. See Panachée. Common Purple. See Brown Turkey.

Courcourelle Brune

Fruit, small, roundish. Skin, of a deep brown, covered with thick blue bloom; some are stalked, and others very little so. Flesh, deep red or rose-coloured, tender, but very indifferently flavoured.

Courcourelle Gavotte

Fruit, about medium size, round, marked longitudinally, not so much with ribs as with dark lines indicating them. No neck. Skin, deep purplish black over the apex, and where fully exposed to the sun, but shading off to a paler and even to a greenish bronze in the shade, covered with a pretty blue bloom. Eye, open. Flesh, dark blood-colour throughout, thick, syrupy, and richly flavoured.

A very first-rate fig. The skin cracks as it ripens.

Cyprus. See Yellow Ischia.