Early Ascot Frontignan (Ascot Frontignan)

Bunches, of medium size, slightly shouldered. Berries, round, of medium size; clear amber colour. Flesh, tender, extremely sweet and luscious, with a fine Frontignan flavour.

A remarkably early grape, which ripens well against a wall in the open air. Grown under the same circumstances as Black Hamburgh, it ripens fully a month earlier than that variety.

It was raised by Mr, John Standish, of Ascot, from Muscat de Saumur fertilised by Chasselas Musqué.

Early Auvergne Frontignan (Eugenien Frontignan; Muscat du Puy de Dome; Muscat Précoce du Puy de Dome; Muscat Eugenien)

This is an early form of the White Frontignan, with a short cylindrical bunch, and round berries, which are not so thickly set as in the White Frontignan. The flesh is tender and juicy, and with a pleasant Muscat flavour.

Early Black Bordeaux (Black Bordeaux)

Bunches, medium sized. Berries, about medium size, round. Skin, quite black, covered with a thin bloom. Flesh, tender and juicy, and sweeter than the Hamburgh, to which it has some resemblance in flavour.

This ripens fully a month before the Black Hamburgh in the same house and position, and is an excellent early black grape.

Early Black. See Black Cluster.

Early Black Frontignan (Muscat Précoce d'Août)

Berries, below medium size, and round. Skin, black. Flesh, rich and juicy, with a rich Frontignan flavour.

A small and insignificant grape, the only merit of which is its earliness.

The vine is more robust in its habit than the August Muscat, and the fruit ripens against a wall.

This is one of the seedlings of the late M. Vibert, of Angers.

Early Chasselas (Chasselas Hâtif; Chasselas de Bar-sur-Aube: Krach (Gutedel)

This is very similar to the Royal Muscadine in general appearance, and has, therefore, been frequently confounded with it; but it is a very distinct variety when obtained true, and is readily known by its very firm crackling flesh, which is richly flavoured.

The vine may be distinguished by its small quantity of foliage, which is somewhat hairy, and by the leaf-stalk being frequently warted.

Early Green Madeira (Vert Précoce de Madère)

Bunches, of good size, cylindrical, slightly compact. Berries, medium sized, oval. Skin, of a green colour, which it retains till its perfect maturity, when it becomes a little clearer, but still preserving the green tinge. Flesh, with a rich and sugary flavour.

This is one of the earliest grapes, and ripens in a cool vinery from the beginning to the middle of August. It will also succeed against a wall in the open air; but, of course, is not then so early. It bears considerable resemblance to the Verdelho, but is said to be earlier than that variety. I have not been able to examine the two growing under the same circumstances.

Early Kienzheim. See Early White Malvasia. Early Leipzic. See Early White Malvasia.