Early White Malvasia (Grove-End Sweetwater; Early Leipsic; Mornas Chasselas; White Metier; Burchardt's Amber Cluster; Early Kienzheim; Blanc Précoce de Kienzheim; Précoce de Kienzheim; Melier Blanc Hâtif; Chasselas Hâtif de Tonneins; Fruher Leipziger; Weisse Cibebe)

Bunches, about medium size, six to eight inches long, loose, tapering, and occasionally shouldered. Berries, medium sized, roundish oval. Skin, thin, and transparent, greenish white, but becoming yellow at maturity, and covered with white bloom. Flesh, abundant, very juicy, sweet, and rich.

One of the earliest grapes known. It ripens in a cool vinery about the beginning or middle of August, and also against a wall in the open air. The vine is an excellent bearer, and succeeds well when grown in pots. The leaves die pale bright yellow.

It is called Grove End Sweetwater from having been introduced by Mr. William Atkinson, of Grove End, Paddington, the site of which is now represented by Grove End Road, St. John's Wood. He was an architect, and designed and built all the walls and houses in the original Horticultural Society's garden a: Chiswick.

Epirant. See Espiran. Erbalus. See Trebbiano. Espagnin Noir. See Alicante. Esperione. See Espiran.

Espiran (Turners Black; Aspirant; Aspirant Noir; Epirant; Esperione; Spirant)

Bunches, large and loose. Berries, large and quite round, marked on the sides with the sutures of the carpels, and with a distinct style-point on the apex. Skin, dark, blackish purple, covered with blue bloom. Flesh, rather firm than tender, juicy, sweet, and briskly flavoured.

This is a very distinct grape from either the Black Hamburgh or Frankenthal, with both of which of late years it has by some been confounded. The berries are as round and smooth as bullets, and loosely set on the bunch, and the leaves die off a rich purple colour.

Eugenien Frontignan. See Early Auvergne Frontignan.

Fendant Rose (Fendant Roux; Tokay des Jardins)

Bunch, long and cylindrical, occasionally shouldered. Berries, medium sized, of a pale red or grizzly colour. Flesh, tender, sweet, and with the flavour of the Royal Muscadine. A variety of Red Chasselas, resembling Chasselas de Falloux and Red Chasselas. It produces a large bunch, and is very fertile.

Ferdinand De Lesseps

Bunches, about the size of those of Royal Muscadine, shouldered and tapering. Berries, about the size of those of that variety, oval. Skin, of a fine deep amber colour, membranous. Flesh, tender, juicy, and melting, with a very rich and peculiar flavour, composed of a mixture of Muscat and strawberry. This is a fine grape, and ripens well in a house without fire heat.

It was raised by Mr. John Pearson, of Chilwell, from Royal Muscadine, crossed by the Strawberry Grape, and was awarded a first-class certificate by the Royal Horticultural Society in 1870.

Ferral (Large Black Ferral; Raisin des Balkans; Sabahkanskoi)

Bunches, very large, long, and loose. Berries, very large, long oval, or rather oblong. Skin, thick and tough, adhering to the flesh, of a dark mahogany red, and almost black at the point. Flesh, firm, coarse, and with a very indifferent flavour.

A large showy grape, but very coarse, and worthless as a dessert fruit.