Bunches, large and thickly set. Berries, large and round. Skin, thin, of a pale greenish yellow colour, which becomes of a clear pale yellow, tinged with very thin dull red as it ripens. Flesh, firm, sweet, and without much flavour.

A showy but not highly flavoured grape; a native of India.

Aiga Passera. See Black Corinth.

Aleppo (Chasselas Panaché; Morillon Panache; Piaisin d'Alep; Raisin Suisse)

Bunches, medium sized, loose, and not shouldered. Berries, medium sized, round, of various colours, some being black, others white or red, while some are striped with black, or red and white; sometimes a bunch will be half white and half black; and others are wholly white or wholly black. The flesh is inferior in flavour.

The vine succeeds in a warm vinery, but requires the hothouse to bring it to perfection. The leaves are striped with green, red, and yellow.

Alexandrian Ciotat

Bunches, large, long, and loose, with narrow shoulders. Berries, oval. Skin, thin, pale yellow, but becoming of an amber colour as the fruit are highly ripened, and covered with numerous russety dots. Flesh, firm and breaking, juicy, and well flavoured.

Ripens with the heat of a vinery. A good bearer, but the bunches set badly.

This is in all respects similar to the Muscat of Alexandria in the fruit, but has no Muscat flavour.

Alexandrian Frontignan. See Muscat of Alexandria.

Alicante (Black Lisbon-, Black Portugal; Black Palestine; Black Spanish; Black St. Peter's; Black Tokay; Black Valentia; Meredith's Alicante; St. Peters; Espagnin Noir; Alicanteniwein; Blatter von Alicante; Sanct Peter's Traube; Schwarzer Spanischer)

Bunches, large, and sometimes shouldered, frequently cylindrical and long, occasionally broadly ovate, and always well set. Berries, large, perfectly oval or olive-shaped, jet black, and covered with a thin blue bloom. Skin, tough and membranous, but not too thick. Berry-stalks less than half an inch long, very slightly and thinly warted, and with a small receptacle. Flesh, very tender, adhering a little to the skin, juicy, and with a flavour similar to that of Black Hamburgh. Seeds, rather large, varying from one to three in each berry, and attached to a seed-string tinged with red.

A fine large showy grape, both in bunch and berry, which hangs remarkably well, and is an excellent late variety. Taking all its qualities into consideration - the size of its bunches and berries, its flavour when highly ripened in heat, and the fertility and vigour of the vine, this is one of the most valuable late grapes in cultivation; but it must be remembered that to have it in perfection it requires the same temperature as Muscat of Alexandria, though it succeeds very well in an ordinary vinery. Mr. Barron says, that after ripening it requires to be kept cool, otherwise the berries are apt to decay.

I have been thus minute in the description of this grape because of the great confusion that exists as to the varieties bearing this name. It is the Alicante of Speedily; it is also the true Black St. Peter's (not West's St. Peter's), and in my investigations of the vineyards of the south of France I have found it under the name of Espagnin Noir.

The name of Alicante is given to several varieties of grapes in the south of France and in the Peninsula, but is not applicable to any variety in particular. In the department of Gard, it is applied to Gromier du Cantal; in Andalusia to the Tinlilla and Tinto; in Provence to Mourvéde; and in the Eastern Pyrenees to Matara. Then the Alicante of Bouches-des-Rhone vineyards is the Granaxa of Arragon, and Grunache of Eastern Pyrenees; while, in the neighbourhood of Alicante, the name is given to two or three different sorts. In Great Britain Black Prince is sometimes, but erroneously, called Alicante; and the variety which in the second edition of this work was called Kempsey Alicante, I have discovered to be nothing else than the Morocco.

Alicantwein. See Alicante.